Everyday emotion regulation

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Citation article

Title:
The regulation of negative and positive affect in daily life.
Authors:
Brans, K., Koval, P., Verduyn, P., Lim, Y. L., Kuppens, P.
Year of publication:
2013
Journal name:
Emotion
Volume number:
13
Issue number:
5
Page numbers:
926-939
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1037/a0032400

Measure details

Baseline session:
Yes
Followup session:
No
Study design:
A experience sampling study examining emotion regulation and positive and negative affect across 7 days.
ESM measurement waves:
1
Ethics granting body:
---
Ethics protocol number:
Unknown.

Study details

Location:
Australia
Background information:
Belgian participants were chosen to maximise variation on the CES-D. Both samples attended an introductory session before the ESM component to obtain demographic information and to provide consent.
Language:
English
Setting:
IP
Collection platform:
---
Days of ESM data collection:
7
Number of ESM measures per day:
10
Sampling schedule:
stratified random interval
ESM schedule start time:
---
ESM schedule end time:
---
ESM schedule duration:
---

Sample details

Type of sample:
---
Recruitment information:
Australian participants were recruited through the Careers and Employment Service at the University of Melbourne. Belgian participants were recruited from a pool of 439 undergraduates at the University of Leuven, who completed the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D; Radloff, 1977) approximately four months before the study began.
Incentives:
AU$40 (Australian sample) or €70 (Belgian sample) for involvement in a larger sample.
Exclusions:
Australia: none. Belgium: 1 withdrew, 3 removed due to equipment malfunction.

Contact info

Contact:
Peter Kuppens
Contact email:
peter.kuppens@kuleuven.be
Selection Variable Info Assessment type Constructs
RSE_3 I feel I have a number of good qualities Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
REFL_RT ESM
RSE_4 I am able to do things as well as most other people Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
SOCSHR_RT ESM
AVOIDEM_RT ESM
RSE_5 I feel I don’t have much to be proud of Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_6 I certainly feel useless at times Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
REAP_RT ESM
SUPR_RT ESM
RUM2_RT ESM
RUM3_RT ESM
RSE_7 I feel that I'm a person of worth Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
SOC_INT_RT ESM
DIST_RT ESM
RSE_8 I wish I could have more respect for myself Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_9 All in all, I am inclined to think that I am a failure Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_10 I have a positive attitude toward myself Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RRQ_1 My attention is often focused on aspects [parts] of myself I wish I’d stop thinking about. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRQ_2 I always seem to be rehashing [going over] in my mind recent things I’ve said or done. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRQ_3 Sometimes it is hard for me to shut off thoughts about myself. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRQ_4 Long after an argument or disagreement [fight] is over with, my thoughts keep going back to what happened. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRQ_5 I tend to “ruminate” or dwell over things that happen to me for a really long time afterward. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRQ_6 I don’t waste time rethinking things that are over and done with. (-) Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
BISBAS_1 A person's family is the most important thing in life Baseline FILLER
RRQ_7 Often I’m playing back over in my mind how I acted in a past situation. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRQ_8 I often find myself reevaluating something I’ve done. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRQ_9 I never ruminate or dwell on myself very long. (-) Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRQ_10 It is easy for me to put unwanted thoughts out of my mind. (-) Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
ACT_WANT_RT ESM
RRQ_11 I often reflect on episodes [times] of my life that I should no longer concern myself with. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
ACT_MUST_RT ESM
RRQ_12 I spend a great deal of time thinking back over y embarrassing or disappointing moments. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRQ_13 Philosophical or abstract thinking doesn’t appeal to me that much. (-) Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRQ_14 I’m not really a meditative type of person. (-) Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRQ_15 I love exploring my “inner” self. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRQ_16 My attitudes and feelings about things fascinate me. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRQ_17 I don’t really care for introspective or self-reflective thinking. (-) Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRQ_18 I love analyzing why I do things. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
ANG At the moment, I feel angry ESM AFFECT ANGER NEGATIVE_AFFECT
DEP At the moment, I feel depressed ESM AFFECT DEPRESSION NEGATIVE_AFFECT
ANX At the moment, I feel anxious ESM AFFECT ANXIETY NEGATIVE_AFFECT
RRQ_19 People often say I’m a “deep”, introspective type of person. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRQ_20 I don’t care much for self-analysis. (-) Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRQ_21 I’m very self-inquisitive by nature. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRQ_22 I love to meditate on the nature and meaning of things. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRQ_23 I often love to look at my life in philosophical ways. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRQ_24 Contemplating myself isn’t my idea of fun. (-) Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
SWL_1 In most ways my life is close to ideal Baseline HEDONIC LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
SWL_2 The conditions of my life are excellent Baseline HEDONIC LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
SWL_3 I am satisfied with my life Baseline HEDONIC LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
SWL_4 So far I have gotten the important things I want in life Baseline HEDONIC LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
SWL_5 If I could live my life over, I would change almost nothing Baseline HEDONIC LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
AIM_1 When I accomplish something difficult I feel delighted or elated. Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
AIM_2 When I feel happy it is a strong type of exuberance Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
STR At the moment, I feel stressed ESM AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT STRESS
AIM_3 I enjoy being with other people very much. Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
AIM_4 I feel pretty bad when I tell a lie. Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
AIM_5 When I solve a small personal problem, I feel euphoric. Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
AIM_6 My emotions tend to be more intense than those of most people Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
AIM_7 My happy moods are so strong that I feel like I'm in heaven Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
AIM_8 I get overly enthusiastic Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
AIM_9 If I complete a task I thought was impossible, I am ecstatic Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
AIM_10 My heart races at the anticipation of some exciting event Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
AIM_11 Sad movies deeply touch me Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
AIM_12 When I'm happy it's a feeling of being untroubled and content rather than being zestful and aroused. Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
AIM_13 When I talk in front of a group for the first time my voice gets shaky and my heart races Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
RLX At the moment, I feel relaxed ESM AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT RELAXATION
HAP At the moment, I feel happy ESM AFFECT HAPPINESS POSITIVE_AFFECT
AIM_14 When something good happens, I'm usually much more jubilant than others. Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
AIM_15 My friends might say I'm emotional Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
AIM_16 The memories I like the most are of those times when I felt content and peaceful rather than zestful and enthusiastic Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
AIM_17 The sight of someone who is hurt badly affects me strongly Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
DEP_RT ESM
ANX_RT ESM
STR_RT ESM
RLX_RT ESM
HAP_RT ESM
SELFE_RT ESM
RUM1_RT ESM
AFFGRID_RT ESM
ANG_RT ESM
SELFE At the moment, I feel good about myself ESM SELF SELF_ESTEEM
AIM_18 When I'm feeling well it's easy for me to go from being in a good mood to being really joyful Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
RUM1 Since the previous beep, I couldn't stop thinking about my feelings ESM EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
REFL Since the previous beep, I have calmly reflected on my feelings ESM EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
SOCSHR Since the previous beep, I have talked about my feelings with others ESM EMOTION_REGULATION SOCIAL_SHARING STRATEGY
AVOIDEM Since the previous beep, I have avoided thinking about my feelings. ESM AVOIDANCE EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
REAP Since the previous beep, I have changed the way I think about what causes my feelings ESM EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
SUPR Since the previous beep, I have avoided expressing my emotions ESM EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
RUM2 Since the previous beep, I have been focusing on my feelings ESM EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RUM3 Since the previous beep, I have been focusing on my problems ESM EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
SOC_INT Since the previous beep, I met and talked with other people ESM SOCIAL SOCIAL_INTERACTION
DIST Since the previous beep, I have engaged in activities to distract myself from my feelings ESM DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
ACT_MUST Since the previous beep, I did something that I had to do ESM OUGHT SITUATION_CONTEXT
GRID_AROUSAL Arousal: computed from the affect grid ESM AFFECT AROUSAL
GRID_VALENCE Valence: computed from the affect grid ESM AFFECT VALENCE
AGE Age Baseline AGE DEMOGRAPHICS
GENDER Gender Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS GENDER
NAT_AUS Born in Australia Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS NATIONALITY
NAT_CITIZ Citizenship in Australia Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS NATIONALITY
NAT_IMMIG Immigated to Australia Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS NATIONALITY
YEARS_IN_COUNTRY How long have you lived in Australia Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS NATIONALITY
IPIP_1 Am the life of the party. Baseline EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
IPIP_2 Feel little concern for others. Baseline AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
IPIP_3 Am always prepared. Baseline CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
IPIP_4 Get stressed out easily. Baseline NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
IPIP_5 Have a rich vocabulary. Baseline OPENNESS PERSONALITY
IPIP_6 Don't talk a lot. Baseline EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
IPIP_7 Am interested in people. Baseline AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
IPIP_8 Leave my belongings around. Baseline CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
IPIP_9 Am relaxed most of the time. Baseline NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
IPIP_10 Have difficulty understanding abstract ideas. Baseline OPENNESS PERSONALITY
IPIP_11 Feel comfortable around people. Baseline EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
IPIP_12 Insult people. Baseline AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
IPIP_13 Pay attention to details. Baseline CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
IPIP_14 Worry about things. Baseline NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
IPIP_15 Have a vivid imagination Baseline OPENNESS PERSONALITY
IPIP_16 Keep in the background Baseline EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
IPIP_17 Sympathize with others' feelings Baseline AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
IPIP_18 Make a mess of things Baseline CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
IPIP_19 Seldom feel blue Baseline NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
IPIP_20 Am not interested in abstract ideas Baseline OPENNESS PERSONALITY
IPIP_21 Start conversations Baseline EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
IPIP_22 Am not interested in other people's problems Baseline AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
IPIP_23 Get chores done right away Baseline CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
IPIP_24 Am easily disturbed Baseline NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
IPIP_25 Have excellent ideas Baseline OPENNESS PERSONALITY
IPIP_26 Have little to say Baseline EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
IPIP_27 Have a soft heart Baseline AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
IPIP_28 Often forget to put things back in their proper place Baseline CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
IPIP_29 Get upset easily Baseline NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
IPIP_30 Do not have a good imagination Baseline OPENNESS PERSONALITY
IPIP_31 Talk to a lot of different people at parties Baseline EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
IPIP_32 Am not really interested in others Baseline AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
IPIP_33 Like order Baseline CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
IPIP_34 Change my mood a lot Baseline NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
IPIP_35 Am quick to understand things Baseline OPENNESS PERSONALITY
IPIP_36 Don't like to draw attention to myself. Baseline EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
IPIP_37 Take time out for others Baseline AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
AIM_19 Calm and cool could easily describe me Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
IPIP_38 Shirk my duties Baseline CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
IPIP_39 Have frequent mood swings Baseline NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
AIM_20 When I'm happy I feel like I'm bursting with joy Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
IPIP_40 Use difficult words Baseline OPENNESS PERSONALITY
IPIP_41 Don't mind being the center of attention Baseline EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
AIM_21 Seeing a picture of some violent car accident in a newspaper makes me feel sick to my stomach. Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
IPIP_42 Feel others' emotions Baseline AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
IPIP_43 Follow a schedule Baseline CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
AIM_22 When I'm happy I feel very energetic. Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
IPIP_44 Get irritated easily Baseline NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
IPIP_45 Spend time reflecting on things Baseline OPENNESS PERSONALITY
AIM_23 When I receive a reward I become overjoyed Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
IPIP_46 Am quiet around strangers Baseline EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
IPIP_47 Make people feel at ease Baseline AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
AIM_24 When I succeed at something, my reaction is calm and contentment Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
IPIP_48 Am exacting in my work Baseline CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
IPIP_49 Often feel blue Baseline NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
AIM_25 When I do something wrong I have strong feelings of shame and guilt Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
IPIP_50 Am full of ideas Baseline OPENNESS PERSONALITY
PANAS_NL_1 Enthusiastic Baseline AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
AIM_26 I can remain calm even on the most trying days Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
PANAS_NL_2 Anxious Baseline AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_NL_3 Interested Baseline AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
AIM_27 When things are going good I feel 'on top of the world' Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
PANAS_NL_4 Angry Baseline AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_NL_5 Determined Baseline AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
AIM_28 When I get angry it's easy for me to still be rational and not overreact Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
PANAS_NL_6 Stressed Baseline AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_NL_7 Irritated Baseline AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
AIM_29 When I know I have done something very well, I feel relaxed and content rather than excited and elated. Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
PANAS_NL_8 Jittery Baseline AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_NL_9 Cheerful Baseline AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
AIM_30 When I do feel anxiety it is normally very strong Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
PANAS_NL_10 Active Baseline AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_NL_11 Strong Baseline AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
AIM_31 My negative moods are mild in intensity Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
PANAS_NL_12 Hostile Baseline AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_NL_13 Embarrassed Baseline AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
AIM_32 When I am excited over something I want to share my feelings with everyone Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
PANAS_NL_14 Proud Baseline AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_NL_15 Guilty Baseline AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
AIM_33 When I feel happiness, it is a quiet type of contentment Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
PANAS_NL_16 Attentive Baseline AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_NL_17 Inspired Baseline AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
AIM_34 My friends would probably say I'm a tense or 'high-strung' person Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
PANAS_NL_18 Nervous Baseline AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_NL_19 Sad Baseline AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
AIM_35 When I'm happy I bubble over with energy Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
PANAS_NL_20 Alert Baseline AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
RSE_1 On the whole, I am satisfied with myself Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_2 At times I think I am no good at all Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
AIM_36 When I feel guilty, this emotion is quite strong Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
AIM_37 I would characterize my happy moods as closer to contentment than joy Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
AIM_38 When someone compliments me, I get so happy I could 'burst'. Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
AIM_39 When I am nervous I get shaky all over Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
AIM_40 When I am happy the feeling is more like contentment and inner calm than one of exhilaration and excitement. Baseline AFFECT AFFECT_INTENSITY
BISBAS_2 Even if something bad is about to happen to me, I rarely experience fear or nervousness Baseline BEHAVIORAL_INHIBITION PERSONALITY
BISBAS_3 I go out of my way to get things I want Baseline BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_DRIVE PERSONALITY
BISBAS_4 When I'm doing well at something I love to keep at it Baseline BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_REWARD PERSONALITY
BISBAS_5 I'm always willing to try something new if I think it will be fun Baseline BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_FUN PERSONALITY
BISBAS_6 How I dress is important to me Baseline FILLER
BISBAS_7 When I get something I want, I feel excited and energized Baseline BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_REWARD PERSONALITY
BISBAS_8 Criticism or scolding hurts me quite a bit Baseline BEHAVIORAL_INHIBITION PERSONALITY
BISBAS_9 When I want something I usually go all-out to get it Baseline BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_DRIVE PERSONALITY
BISBAS_10 I will often do things for no other reason than that they might be fun Baseline BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_FUN PERSONALITY
BISBAS_11 It's hard for me to find the time to do things such as get a haircut Baseline FILLER
BISBAS_12 If I see a chance to get something I want I move on it right away Baseline BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_DRIVE PERSONALITY
BISBAS_13 I feel pretty worried or upset when I think or know somebody is angry at me Baseline BEHAVIORAL_INHIBITION PERSONALITY
BISBAS_14 When I see an opportunity for something I like I get excited right away Baseline BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_REWARD PERSONALITY
BISBAS_15 I often act on the spur of the moment Baseline BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_FUN PERSONALITY
BISBAS_16 If I think something unpleasant is going to happen I usually get pretty "worked up" Baseline BEHAVIORAL_INHIBITION PERSONALITY
BISBAS_17 I often wonder why people act the way they do Baseline FILLER
BISBAS_18 When good things happen to me, it affects me strongly Baseline BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_REWARD PERSONALITY
BISBAS_19 I feel worried when I think I have done poorly at something important Baseline BEHAVIORAL_INHIBITION PERSONALITY
BISBAS_20 I crave excitement and new sensations Baseline BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_FUN PERSONALITY
BISBAS_21 When I go after something I use a "no holds barred" approach Baseline BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_DRIVE PERSONALITY
BISBAS_22 I have very few fears compared to my friends Baseline BEHAVIORAL_INHIBITION PERSONALITY
BISBAS_23 It would excite me to win a contest Baseline BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_REWARD PERSONALITY
BISBAS_24 I worry about making mistakes Baseline BEHAVIORAL_INHIBITION PERSONALITY
ERQ_1 When I want to feel more positive emotion (such as joy or amusement), I change what I’m thinking about Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
ERQ_2 I keep my emotions to myself Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
ERQ_3 When I want to feel a less negative emotion (such as sadness or anger), I change what I’m thinking about. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
ERQ_4 When I am feeling positive emotions, I am careful not to express them Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
ERQ_5 When I’m faced with a stressful situation, I make myself think about it,in a way that helps me stay calm Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
ERQ_6 I control my emotions by not expressing them Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
ERQ_7 When I want to feel more positiveemotion, I change the way I’m thinkingabout the situation Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
ERQ_8 I control my emotions by changing the way I think about the situation I’m in Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
ERQ_9 When I am feeling negative emotions, I make sure not to express them Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
ERQ_10 When I want to feel a less negative emotion, I change the way I’m thinkingabout the situation Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
GRFM_1 In general, I am focused on preventing negative events in my life Baseline REGULATORY_FOCUS SELF
GRFM_2 I am anxious that I will fall short of my responsibilities and obligation Baseline REGULATORY_FOCUS SELF
GRFM_3 I frequently imagine how I will achieve my hopes and aspirations Baseline REGULATORY_FOCUS SELF
GRFM_4 I often think about the person I am afraid I might become in the future Baseline REGULATORY_FOCUS SELF
GRFM_5 I often think about the person I would ideally like to be in the future Baseline REGULATORY_FOCUS SELF
GRFM_6 I typically focus on the success I hope to achieve in the future Baseline REGULATORY_FOCUS SELF
GRFM_7 I often worry that I will fail to accomplish my academic goals Baseline REGULATORY_FOCUS SELF
GRFM_8 I often think about how I will achieve academic success. Baseline REGULATORY_FOCUS SELF
GRFM_9 I often imagine myself experiencing bad things that I fear might happen to me Baseline REGULATORY_FOCUS SELF
GRFM_10 I frequently think about how I can prevent failures in my life Baseline REGULATORY_FOCUS SELF
GRFM_11 I am more oriented toward preventing losses than I am toward achieving gains Baseline REGULATORY_FOCUS SELF
GRFM_12 My major goal in school right now is to achieve my academic ambition Baseline REGULATORY_FOCUS SELF
GRFM_13 My major goal in school right now is to avoid becoming an academic failure Baseline REGULATORY_FOCUS SELF
GRFM_14 I see myself as someone who is primarily striving to reach my “ideal self ”—to fulfill my hopes, wishes, and aspirations. Baseline REGULATORY_FOCUS SELF
GRFM_15 I see myself as someone who is primarily striving to become the self I “ought” to be—to fulfill my duties, responsibilities, and obligations Baseline REGULATORY_FOCUS SELF
GRFM_16 In general, I am focused on achieving positive outcomes in my life Baseline REGULATORY_FOCUS SELF
GRFM_17 I often imagine myself experiencing good things that I hope will happen to me Baseline REGULATORY_FOCUS SELF
GRFM_18 Overall, I am more oriented toward achieving success than preventing failure Baseline REGULATORY_FOCUS SELF
CESD_1 I was bothered by things that don’t usually bother me Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_2 I did not feel like eating; my appetite was poor Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_3 I felt that I could not shake off the blues even with the help of my family and friends Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_4 I felt that I was just as good as other people Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_5 I had trouble keeping my mind on what I was doing Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_6 I felt depressed Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_7 I felt everything I did was an effort Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_8 I felt hopeful about the future Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_9 I thought my life had been a failure Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_10 I felt fearful Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_11 My sleep was restless Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_12 I was happy Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_13 I talked less than usual Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_14 I felt lonely Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_15 People were unfriendly Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_16 I enjoyed life Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_17 I had crying spells Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_18 I felt sad Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_19 I felt that people disliked me Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_20 I could not get “going” Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
ACT_WANT Since the previous beep, I did something that I wanted to do ESM SITUATION_CONTEXT