Leuven BPD study

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Citation article

Title:
Emotional switching in borderline personality disorder: A daily life study.
Authors:
Houben, M., Vansteelandt, K, Claes, L., Sienaert, P. , Berens, A., Sleuwaegen, E., Kuppens, P.
Year of publication:
2016
Journal name:
Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment
Volume number:
7
Issue number:
1
Page numbers:
50-60
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1037/per0000126

Measure details

Baseline session:
Yes
Followup session:
No
Study design:
Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder and healthy controls reported on their emotional states in their daily lives 10 times per day for 8 days.
ESM measurement waves:
1
Ethics granting body:
Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences of KU Leuven & medical ethics committee of university hospital KU Leuven
Ethics protocol number:
s54563 & ML8517/ML5967

Study details

Location:
Belgium
Background information:
Patients received diagnoses based on a clinical interview by an experienced senior psychiatrist. In addition, clinical diagnosis of BPD was confirmed using the DSM–IV Personality Disorders– Borderline scale. Healthy controls were matched on gender and age.
Language:
Dutch
Setting:
---
Collection platform:
---
Days of ESM data collection:
8
Number of ESM measures per day:
10
Sampling schedule:
Stratified random interval
ESM schedule start time:
9:30
ESM schedule end time:
21:30
ESM schedule duration:
12

Sample details

Type of sample:
---
Recruitment information:
Clinicians screned for patients in a Belgian hospital. Healthy controls were recruited via word of mouth
Incentives:
---
Exclusions:
1 healthy control met the criteria for BPD; 1 healthy control taking psychotropic medication

Contact info

Contact:
Marlies Houben
Contact email:
marlies.houben@kuleuven.be
Selection Variable Info Assessment type Constructs
RPA_11 I think: "I can make everything work" Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION POSITIVE_AFFECT STRATEGY
RPA_12 I think I am ready to begin Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION POSITIVE_AFFECT STRATEGY
RPA_13 I think my luck will soon run out Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
ADPIV_BDL_TRAIT_5 I can not stand the thought of someone leaving me and would do anything in order to avoid it: To what extent do you agree with this statement? Baseline BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
ADPIV_BDL_DISTR_5 I can not stand the thought of someone leaving me and would do anything in order to avoid it.: Has this characteristic caused you or someone else grief? Baseline BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
ADPIV_BDL_TRAIT_17 My relations are intense and unsteady. My feelings about others change rapidly and greatly.: To what extent do you agree with this statement? Baseline BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
ADPIV_BDL_DISTR_17 My relations are intense and unsteady. My feelings about others change rapidly and greatly.: Has this characteristic caused you or someone else grief? Baseline BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
ADPIV_BDL_TRAIT_29 I am always insecure about who or what I am and about what's important in life. My sense of self and opinions change all the time.: To what extent do you agree with this statement? Baseline BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
ADPIV_BDL_DISTR_29 I am always insecure about who or what I am and about what's important in life. My sense of self and opinions change all the time.: Has this characteristic caused you or someone else grief? Baseline BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
ADPIV_BDL_TRAIT_41 I am very impulsive.: To what extent do you agree with this statement? Baseline BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
ADPIV_BDL_DISTR_41 I am very impulsive.: Has this characteristic caused you or someone else grief? Baseline BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
ADPIV_BDL_TRAIT_53 I have often threatened to end my life or actually tried to end my life.: To what extent do you agree with this statement? Baseline BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
ADPIV_BDL_DISTR_53 I have often threatened to end my life or actually tried to end my life.: Has this characteristic caused you or someone else grief? Baseline BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
ADPIV_BDL_TRAIT_65 I have hurt myself deliberately on multiple occasions.: To what extent do you agree with this statement? Baseline BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
ADPIV_BDL_DISTR_65 I have hurt myself deliberately on multiple occasions.: Has this characteristic caused you or someone else grief? Baseline BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_22 I have difficulty breaking off a relationship that is making me unhappy Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
ADPIV_BDL_TRAIT_77 My mood is very unstable.: To what extent do you agree with this statement? Baseline BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
ADPIV_BDL_DISTR_77 My mood is very unstable.: Has this characteristic caused you or someone else grief? Baseline BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
ADPIV_BDL_TRAIT_87 I often feel empty.: To what extent do you agree with this statement? Baseline BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
ADPIV_BDL_DISTR_87 I often feel empty.: Has this characteristic caused you or someone else grief? Baseline BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
ADPIV_BDL_TRAIT_92 I often experience intense feelings of anger.: To what extent do you agree with this statement? Baseline BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
ADPIV_BDL_DISTR_92 I often experience intense feelings of anger.: Has this characteristic caused you or someone else grief? Baseline BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
ADPIV_BDL_TRAIT_94 When I'm very stressed I can lose conscious control or become very suspiscious.: To what extent do you agree with this statement? Baseline BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
ADPIV_BDL_DISTR_94 When I'm very stressed I can lose conscious control or become very suspiscious.: Has this characteristic caused you or someone else grief? Baseline BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_1 I set my personal goals and standards as high as possible. Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_2 Without support from others who are close to me, I would be helpless. Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_3 I tend to be satisfied with my current plans and goals, rather than striving for higher goals. Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_4 Sometimes I feel very big, and other times I feel very small. Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_5 When I am closely involved with someone, I never feel jealous. Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_6 I urgently need things that only other people can provide. Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_7 I often find that I don't live up to my own standards or ideals. Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_8 I feel I am always making full use of my potential abilities. Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_9 The lack of permanence in human relationships doesn't bother me. Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_10 If I fail to live up to expectations, I feel unworthy. Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_11 Many times I feel helpless. Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_12 I seldom worry about being criticized for things I have said or done. Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_13 There is a considerable difference between how I am now and how I would like to be. Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_14 I enjoy sharp competition with others. Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_15 I feel I have many responsibilities that I must meet. Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_16 There are times when I feel "empty" inside Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_17 I tend not to be satisfied with what I have Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_18 I don't care whether or not I live up to what other people expect of me Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_19 I become frightened when I feel alone Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_20 I would feel like I'd be losing a very important part of myself if I lost a very close friend Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_21 People will accept me no matter how many mistakes I have made Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_23 I often think about the danger of losing someone who is close to me Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_24 Other people have high expectations of me Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_25 When I am with others, I tend to devalue or "undersell" myself Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_26 I am not concerned with how other people respond to me Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_27 No matter how close a relationship between two people is, there is always a large amount of uncertainty and conflict Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_28 I am very sensitive to others for signs of rejection Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_29 It's important for my family that I succeed Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_30 Often, I feel I have disappointed others Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_31 If someone makes me angry, I let him (her) know how I feel Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_32 I constantly try, and very often go out of my way, to please or help people I am close to Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_33 I have many inner resources (abilities, strengths) Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_34 I find it very difficult to say "no" to the requests of friends Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_35 I never really feel secure in a close relationship Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_36 The way I feel about myself frequently varies: there are times when I feel extremelly good about myself and other times when I see only the bad in me and feel like a total failure Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_37 Often, I feel threatened by change Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_38 Even if the person who is closest to me were to leave, I could still "go it alone" Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_39 One must continually work to gain love from another person: that is, love has to be earned Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_40 I am very sensitive to the effects my words or actions have on the feelings of other people Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_41 I often blame myself for the things I have done or said to someone Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_42 I am a very independent person Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_43 I often feel guilty Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_44 I think of myself as a very complex person, one who has "many sides" Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_45 I worry a lot about offending or hurting someone who is close to me Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_46 Anger frightens me Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_47 It is not "who you are" but "what you have accomplished" that counts Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_48 I feel good about myself whehter I succeed or fail Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_49 I can easily put my own feelings and problems aside, and devote my complete attention to the feelings and problems of someone else Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_50 If someone I cared about became angry with me, I would feel threatened that he (she) might leave me Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_51 I feel uncomfortable when I am given important responsibilities Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_52 After a fight with a friend, I must make amends as soon as possible Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_53 I have a difficult time accepting weaknesses in myself Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_54 It is more important that I enjoy my work than it is for me to have my work approved Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_55 After an argument, I feel very lonely Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_56 In my relationships with others, I am very concerned about what they can give to me Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_57 I rarely think about my family Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_58 Very frequently, my feelings toward someone close to me vary: there are times when I feel completely angry and other times when I feel all-loving towards that person Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_59 What I do and say has a very strong impact on those around me Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_60 I sometimes feel that I am "special" Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_61 I grew up in an extremely close family Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_62 I am very satisfied wiht myself and my accomplishments Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_63 I want many things from someone I am close to Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_64 I tend to be very critical of myself Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_65 Being along doesn't bother me at all Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEQ_66 I very frequently compare myself to standards or goals Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
ERQ_1 When I want to feel more positive emotion (such as joy or amusement), I change what I’m thinking about. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
ERQ_2 I keep my emotions to myself. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
ERQ_3 When I want to feel a less negative emotion (such as sadness or anger), I change what I’m thinking about. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
ERQ_4 When I am feeling positive emotions, I am careful not to express them. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
ERQ_5 When I’m faced with a stressful situation, I make myself think about it, in a way that helps me stay calm. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
ERQ_6 I control my emotions by not expressing them. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
ERQ_7 When I want to feel more positive emotion, I change the way I’m thinking about the situation. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
ERQ_8 I control my emotions by changing the way I think about the situation I’m in. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
ERQ_9 When I am feeling negative emotions, I make sure not to express them. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
ERQ_10 When I want to feel a less negative emotion, I change the way I’m thinking about the situation. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
PDSQ_1 In the last 2 weeks, have you felt sad or depressed? Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PDSQ_2 For the past 2 weeks, have you felt sad or depressed almost every day for most of the day? Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PDSQ_3 In the last 2 weeks, did you have less pleasure in almost everything that you normally enjoy? Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PDSQ_4 During the last 2 weeks, were you less interested in almost all of the activities you are usually interested in? Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PDSQ_5 Has your appetite been significantly lower than usual almost every day for the past 2 weeks? Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PDSQ_6 Has your appetite been significantly higher than usual almost every day for the past 2 weeks? Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PDSQ_7 For the past 2 weeks, have you slept at least 1 or 2 hours less than usual almost every day? Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PDSQ_8 For the past 2 weeks, did you sleep at least 1 or 2 hours more than usual almost every day? Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PDSQ_9 For the past 2 weeks, have you felt irritable and restless almost every day, and had a lot of difficulty sitting quietly in a chair? Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PDSQ_10 Have you felt tired almost every day for the past 2 weeks? Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PDSQ_11 In the last 2 weeks, have you often felt guilty about things you had done? Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PDSQ_12 For the past 2 weeks, have you felt worthless or had negative thoughts about yourself almost every day? Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PDSQ_13 Have you felt like a failure almost every day for the last 2 weeks? Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PDSQ_14 Did you have concentration problems almost every day for the past 2 weeks? Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PDSQ_15 For the past 2 weeks, has making decisions been more difficult than usual almost every day? Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PDSQ_16 During the last 2 weeks, did you often think about dying in a passive way such as "going to sleep and not waking up"? Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PDSQ_17 For the past 2 weeks, did you wish you were dead? Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PDSQ_18 For the past 2 weeks, have you thought you'd be better off dead? Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PDSQ_19 In the past 2 weeks, did you have thoughts of suicide even though you wouldn't actually do it? Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PDSQ_20 In the past 2 weeks, have you seriously considered committing suicide? Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PDSQ_21 In the past 2 weeks, have you been thinking about a specific way to commit suicide? Baseline DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
RPA_1 I think: "I can do anything". Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION POSITIVE_AFFECT STRATEGY
RPA_2 I think about how proud I am with myself. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION POSITIVE_AFFECT STRATEGY
RPA_3 I think: "people will think I'm arrogant" Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RPA_4 I think: "this is too good to be true" Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RPA_5 I think about how strong I feel Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION POSITIVE_AFFECT STRATEGY
RPA_6 I enjoy the moment Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION POSITIVE_AFFECT STRATEGY
RPA_7 I think: "I do everything I can" Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION POSITIVE_AFFECT STRATEGY
RPA_8 I think about things that went wrong for me Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RPA_9 I remind myself that these feelings won't last long Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RPA_10 I notice I am full of energy Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION POSITIVE_AFFECT STRATEGY
RPA_14 I think about how hard it is to keep focus Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RPA_15 I think about how happy I'm feeling Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION POSITIVE_AFFECT STRATEGY
RPA_16 I think of things that could go wrong Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RPA_17 I think: "I don't deserve this" Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRQ_1 My attention is often focused on aspects [parts] of myself I wish I’d stop thinking about. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRQ_2 I always seem to be rehashing [going over] in my mind recent things I’ve said or done. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRQ_3 Sometimes it is hard for me to shut off thoughts about myself. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRQ_4 Long after an argument or disagreement [fight] is over with, my thoughts keep going back to what happened. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRQ_5 I tend to “ruminate” or dwell over things that happen to me for a really long time afterward. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRQ_6 I don’t waste time rethinking things that are over and done with. (-) Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRQ_7 Often I’m playing back over in my mind how I acted in a past situation. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRQ_8 I often find myself reevaluating something I’ve done. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRQ_9 I never ruminate or dwell on myself very long. (-) Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRQ_10 It is easy for me to put unwanted thoughts out of my mind. (-) Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRQ_11 I often reflect on episodes [times] of my life that I should no longer concern myself with. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRQ_12 I spend a great deal of time thinking back over y embarrassing or disappointing moments. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRQ_13 Philosophical or abstract thinking doesn’t appeal to me that much. (-) Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRQ_14 I’m not really a meditative type of person. (-) Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRQ_15 I love exploring my “inner” self. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRQ_16 My attitudes and feelings about things fascinate me. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRQ_17 I don’t really care for introspective or self-reflective thinking. (-) Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRQ_18 I love analyzing why I do things. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRQ_19 People often say I’m a “deep”, introspective type of person. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRQ_20 I don’t care much for self-analysis. (-) Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRQ_21 I’m very self-inquisitive by nature. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRQ_22 I love to meditate on the nature and meaning of things. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRQ_23 I often love to look at my life in philosophical ways. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRQ_24 Contemplating myself isn’t my idea of fun. (-) Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
TIPI_1 Extraverted, enthusiastic. Baseline EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
TIPI_2 Critical, quarrelsome. Baseline AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
TIPI_3 Dependable, self-disciplined. Baseline CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
TIPI_4 Anxious, easily upset. Baseline NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
TIPI_5 Open to new experiences, complex. Baseline OPENNESS PERSONALITY
TIPI_6 Reserved, quiet. Baseline EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
TIPI_7 Sympathetic, warm. Baseline AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
TIPI_8 Disorganized, careless. Baseline CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
TIPI_9 Calm, emotionally stable. Baseline NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
TIPI_10 Conventional, uncreative. Baseline OPENNESS PERSONALITY
RSE_1 Generally, I am happy with myself. Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_2 Sometimes I don't think I'm good for anything. Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_3 I feel I have a number of good qualities. Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_4 I can do things as well as most other people. Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_5 I feel I don't have much to be proud of. Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_6 Sometimes I fele useless. Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_7 I feel I am a worthy person, at least as worthy as others. Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_8 I wish I could have more selfrespect. Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_9 Generally, I feel like a failure. Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_10 I have a positive attitude toward myself. Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
BPD_DIAGNOSIS Diagnosed with BPD or healthy control Baseline BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY DIAGNOSIS PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
AGE Age Baseline AGE DEMOGRAPHICS
GENDER Gender Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS GENDER
RELAT Marital Status Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS RELATIONSHIP
EDU HIghest level of education Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS EDUCATION
MED_1 Number antipsychotics Baseline MEDICATION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
MED_2 Number old neuroleptics Baseline MEDICATION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
MED_3 Number antidepressants Baseline MEDICATION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
MED_4 Numbe benzodiazepines Baseline MEDICATION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
MED_5 Number lithum Baseline MEDICATION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
MED_6 Number mood stabilizers Baseline MEDICATION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
MED_7 Number stimulants Baseline MEDICATION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
MED_8 Number of other medications Baseline MEDICATION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
NAT Nationality Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS NATIONALITY
RACE Ethnic group Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS ETHNICITY
ANG_RT RT_kwaad ESM
DEP_RT RT_depressief ESM
ANX_RT RT_angstig ESM
STR_RT RT_gestresseerd ESM
CHEER_RT RT_opgewekt ESM
RLX_RT RT_relaxed ESM
DISAP_SELF_RT RT_ontgoocheld_zelf ESM
DISAP_OTHER_RT RT_ontgooch_ander ESM
CONF_SELF_RT RT_vertrouw_zelf ESM
CONF_OTHER_RT RT_vertrouw_ander ESM
SELFH_RT RT_automutilatie ESM
SELFH_URGE_RT RT_drang_autom ESM
RUM_RT RT_piekeren ESM
REFL_RT RT_nadenk_probl ESM
IMPORT_RT RT_gevoel_belangr ESM
VALENCE_RT RT_gevoel_posneg ESM
EMOCOPE_RT RT_gevoel_omgaan ESM
ANG Right now, I feel angry ESM AFFECT ANGER NEGATIVE_AFFECT
DEP Right now, I feel depressed ESM AFFECT DEPRESSION NEGATIVE_AFFECT
ANX Right now, I feel anxious ESM AFFECT ANXIETY NEGATIVE_AFFECT
STR Right now, I feel stressed ESM AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT STRESS
CHEER Right now, I feel cheerful ESM AFFECT CHEERFULNESS POSITIVE_AFFECT
RLX Right now, I feel relaxed ESM AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT RELAXATION
DISAP_SELF Right now, I am disappointed in myself ESM DISAPPOINTMENT SELF
DISAP_OTHER Right now, I am disappointed in someone else ESM DISAPPOINTMENT SOCIAL
CONF_SELF Right now, I have confidence in myself ESM SELF SELF_ESTEEM
CONF_OTHER Right now, I have confidence in someone else ESM SOCIAL
SELFH Since the last beep, have you engaged in self-harm? ESM PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SELF_HARM SYMPTOMS
SELFH_URGE Since the last beep, have you felt the urge to self-harm? ESM PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SELF_HARM SYMPTOMS
RUM Since the last beep, I have been ruminating ESM EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
REFL Since the last beep, I have been able to think calmly about my problems ESM EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
IMPORT Think about what is determining your feelings now: to what extent is this important to you? ESM APPRAISAL IMPORTANCE
VALENCE Think about what is determining your feelings now: to what extent is this positive or negative for you? ESM APPRAISAL VALENCE
EMOCOPE Think about what is determining your feelings now: to what extent do you think you can deal with it emotionally? ESM APPRAISAL COPING_POTENTIAL
GRID_AROUSAL Arousal: computed from the affect grid ESM AFFECT AROUSAL
AFFGRID_RT RT_core affect ESM
GRID_VALENCE Valence: computed from the affect grid ESM AFFECT VALENCE