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Leuven clinical study

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Citation article

Title:
The dynamical signature of anhedonia in major depressive disorder: Positive emotion dynamics, reactivity, and recovery
Authors:
Heininga, Vera E., Dejonckheere, E., Houben, M., Obbels, J., Sienaert, P. , Leroy, B., van Roy, J., Kuppens, P.
Year of publication:
2019
Journal name:
BMC Psychiatry
Volume number:
19
Issue number:
1
Page numbers:
19-59
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-018-1983-5

Measure details

Baseline session:
Yes
Followup session:
No
Study design:
---
ESM measurement waves:
1
Ethics granting body:
KU Leuven Social and Societal Ethics Committee & KU Leuven Medical Ethics Committee
Ethics protocol number:
S58526 & B322201627414

Study details

Location:
Belgium
Background information:
A clinically trained researcher interviewed the patient using the Dutch version of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM axis-IV Axis I disorders (SCID-I) and the Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) subscale of the DSM axis-II disorders (SCID-II). Patients were included if they met the criteria for one of the mood disorders, and excluded if they were acutely psychotic; acutely manic; addicted; or diagnosed with a (neuro-)cognitive disorder. Healthy controls were matched on gender and age
Language:
Dutch
Setting:
---
Collection platform:
mobileQ
Days of ESM data collection:
7
Number of ESM measures per day:
10
Sampling schedule:
Stratified random interval
ESM schedule start time:
9:30
ESM schedule end time:
21:30
ESM schedule duration:
12

Sample details

Type of sample:
---
Recruitment information:
Clinicians screned for patients in a Belgian hospital, Healthy controls were recruited via social media, flyers, and the experiment management system at KU Leuven
Incentives:
35 euros for compliance over 75% and 5 euros less for every 10% lower
Exclusions:
3 quit during baseline; 2 had equipment malfunction; 20 diagnosed with BPD but not MDD; 5 had past manic episodes; 6 not diagnosed with anhedonia; 1 healthy control met the criteria for having a current psychiatric disorder

Contact info

Contact:
Egon Dejonckheere
Contact email:
egon.dejonckheere@kuleuven.be
Selection Variable Info Constructs
ID participant ID
DAY
BEEP
TIME
RLX How relaxed do you feel at the moment? AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT RELAXATION
HAP How happy do you feel at the moment? AFFECT HAPPINESS POSITIVE_AFFECT
EUPH How euphoric do you feel at the moment? AFFECT EUPHORIA POSITIVE_AFFECT
DEP How depressed do you feel at the moment? AFFECT DEPRESSION NEGATIVE_AFFECT
STR How stressed do you feel at the moment? AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT STRESS
ANX How anxious do you feel at the moment? AFFECT ANXIETY NEGATIVE_AFFECT
ANG How angry do you feel at the moment? AFFECT ANGER NEGATIVE_AFFECT
RESTL How restless do you feel at the moment? PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_26 I can be exhausting or irritating for others BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_27 I get into more quarrels BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
ANHE To what degree do you find it difficult to experience pleasure in activities at the moment? PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
ENER How much energy do you have at the moment? PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CONC To what degree do you find it difficult to concentrate at the moment? PAIN PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAIN To what degree do you have physical (pain)complaints at the moment? PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
APP How much appetite do you have at the moment? PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
SELFE How self-confident are you at the moment? SELF SELF_ESTEEM
SOCEX How much pressure do you perceive from your environment to avoid feelings of anxiety or depression at the moment? SOCIAL SOCIAL_FUNCTIONING
IMPUL Since the last beep, to what degree did you do things without carefully planning? IMPULSIVITY
ABAND To what degree are you scared others will abandon you at the moment? SOCIAL SOCIAL_FUNCTIONING
REL_QUAL To what degree do you have a good relationship with others at the moment? SOCIAL SOCIAL_FUNCTIONING
SELFH Since the last beep, did you self-injure yourself? PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SELF_HARM SYMPTOMS
RUM Since the last beep, to what degree were you ruminating? EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
DIST Since the last beep, to what degree were you distracting yourself from you emotions? DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY
SUPR Since the last beep, to what degree did you try to supress the expression of your emotions? EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION
EXP Since the last beep, to what degree did you talk with others about your emotions? EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY SOCIAL_SHARING
POSEV Did something positive happen since the last beep? AFFECT POSITIVE_EVENT
NEGEV Did something negative happen since the last beep? AFFECT NEGATIVE_EVENT
SURROUND_1 Alone CONTEXT OTHER_PRESENCE
SURROUND_2 Partner CONTEXT OTHER_PRESENCE
SURROUND_3 Friends CONTEXT OTHER_PRESENCE
SURROUND_4 Family CONTEXT OTHER_PRESENCE
SURROUND_5 Colleagues CONTEXT OTHER_PRESENCE
SURROUND_6 Therapist CONTEXT OTHER_PRESENCE
SURROUND_7 Other familiar people CONTEXT OTHER_PRESENCE
SURROUND_8 Strangers CONTEXT OTHER_PRESENCE
ACTIV_1 Other CONTEXT
ACTIV_2 Resting CONTEXT
ACTIV_3 Eating CONTEXT
ACTIV_4 Jobrelated CONTEXT
ACTIV_5 Household CONTEXT
ACTIV_6 Therapy CONTEXT
ACTIV_7 Sports CONTEXT
ACTIV_8 TV CONTEXT
ACTIV_9 Hobby CONTEXT
ID Participant ID
GENDER Gender DEMOGRAPHICS GENDER
AGE Age (in years) AGE DEMOGRAPHICS
LAN Native Language DEMOGRAPHICS LANGUAGE
START_TIME Date of Completion of Session 1
START_TIME Date of Completion of Session 2
SCID_AXIS1_MDD1 SCID IV - Axis 1, Current Major Depressive Episode CLINICAL_INTERVIEW DEPRESSION DIAGNOSIS
SCID_AXIS1_MDD2 SCID IV - Axis 1, Current Major Depressive Episode - Amount of Criteria CLINICAL_INTERVIEW DEPRESSION DIAGNOSIS
SCID_AXIS1_MDD3 SCID IV - Axis 1, Past Major Depressive Episode CLINICAL_INTERVIEW DEPRESSION DIAGNOSIS
SCID_AXIS1_BPD1 SCID IV - Axis 2, Borderline Personality Disorder BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY CLINICAL_INTERVIEW DIAGNOSIS
SCID_AXIS1_BPD2 SCID IV - Axis 2, Borderline Personality Disorder - Amount of Criteria BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY CLINICAL_INTERVIEW DIAGNOSIS
DIAGNOSIS DSM IV Diagnosis CLINICAL_INTERVIEW DIAGNOSIS
DIAGNOSIS_MDD Major Depressive Disorder Diagnosis from SCID CLINICAL_INTERVIEW DEPRESSION DIAGNOSIS
DIAGNOSIS_BPD Borderline Personality Disorder Diagnosis from SCID BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY CLINICAL_INTERVIEW DIAGNOSIS
HEALTHY_CONTROL Healthy control group CLINICAL_INTERVIEW DIAGNOSIS
RRS_1 think about how alone you feel EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RRS_2 think "I won't be able to get anything done because I feel so bad" EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RRS_3 think about your feelings of fatigue and achiness EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RRS_4 think about how hard it is to concentrate EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RRS_5 think about how passive and unmotivated you feel. EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RRS_6 analyze recent events to try to understand why you are depressed EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RRS_7 think about how you don’t seem to feel anything anymore EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RRS_8 think “Why can’t I get going?” EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RRS_9 think “Why do I always react this way?” EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RRS_10 go away by yourself and thinkg about why you feel this way EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RRS_11 write down what you are thinking about and analyze it EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RRS_12 think about a recent situation, wishing it had gone better EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RRS_13 think “Why do I have problems other people don’t have?” EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RRS_14 think about how sad you feel. EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RRS_15 think about all your shortcomings, failings, faults, mistakes EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RRS_16 think about how you don’t feel up to doing anything EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RRS_17 analyze your personality to try to understand why you are depressed EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RRS_18 go someplace alone to think about your feelings EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RRS_19 think about how angry you are with yourself EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RRS_20 listen to sad music EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RRS_21 spend time alone and think about the reasons why I feel sad EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RRS_22 try to understand myself by focusing on my depressed feelings EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RRS_23 think “I won’t be able to do my job if I don’t snap out of this” EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RRS_24 think “What am I doing to deserve this?” EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RRS_25 think “I won’t be able to concentrate if I keep feeling this way.” EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RRS_26 think “Why can’t I handle things better?” EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
PANAS_1 Enthusiastic AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_2 Anxious AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_3 Interested AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_4 Angry AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_5 Determined AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_6 Stressed AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_7 Irritable AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_8 Jittery AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_9 Excited AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_10 Active AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_11 Strong AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_12 Hostile AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_13 Ashamed AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_14 Proud AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_15 Guilty AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_16 Attentive AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_17 Inspired AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_18 Nervous AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_19 Distressed AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_20 Alert AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
SWL_1 In most ways my life is close to my ideal. LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
SWL_2 The conditions of my life are excellent. LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
SWL_3 I am satisfied with my life. LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
SWL_4 So far I have gotten the important things I want in life. LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
SWL_5 If I could live my life over, I would change almost nothing. LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
PAI_BOR_1 My mood can shift quite suddenly. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_2 My attitude about myself often changes. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_3 My relationships have been stormy. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_4 My moods can be very intense. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_5 Sometimes I feel terribly empty inside. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_28 My mood is higher, more optimistic BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_6 I want to let certain people know how much they've hurt me. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_7 My mood tends to be quite steady. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_8 I often worry about people leaving me. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_9 People I once loved, let me down. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_10 I have little control over my anger. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_11 I often wonder about what to do with my life. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_12 I rarely feel lonely. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_13 Sometimes I am so impulsive that it gets me in trouble. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_14 I have always been a fairly happy person. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_15 I can't handle being separated from people the people I love. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_16 I have made huge mistakes in picking friends. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_17 When I am upset, I often hurt myself. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_18 I've been so angry in the past, that I couldn't express all of my anger BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_19 I don't get bored very quickly. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_20 Once someone becomes a friend, that person stays a friend. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_21 I am more impulsive than is good for me. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_22 I spend money too easily. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_23 I am a reckless person. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_24 I carefully choose on what to spend my money. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_1 Falling Asleep: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_2 Sleep During the Night: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_3 Waking Up Too Early: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_4 Sleeping Too Much: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_5 Feeling Sad: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_6 Please complete either 6 or 7 (not both). Decreased Appetite OR Increased Appetite: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_7 Please complete either 8 or 9 (not both). Decreased Weight (Within the Last Two Weeks) OR Increased Weight (Within the Last Two Weeks): DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_8 Concentration / Decision Making: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_9 View of Myself: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_10 Thoughts of Death or Suicide: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_11 General Interest: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_12 Energy Level: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_13 Feeling Slowed Down: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_14 Feeling Restless: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
RPA_1 I think: "I can do anything". EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY POSITIVE_AFFECT RUMINATION
RPA_2 I think about how proud I am with myself. EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY POSITIVE_AFFECT RUMINATION
RPA_3 I think: "people will think I'm arrogant" EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY POSITIVE_AFFECT RUMINATION
RPA_4 I think: "this is too good to be true" EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY POSITIVE_AFFECT RUMINATION
RPA_5 I think about how strong I feel EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY POSITIVE_AFFECT RUMINATION
RPA_6 I enjoy the moment EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY POSITIVE_AFFECT RUMINATION
RPA_7 I think: "I do everything I can" EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY POSITIVE_AFFECT RUMINATION
RPA_8 I think about things that went wrong for me EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY POSITIVE_AFFECT RUMINATION
RPA_9 I remind myself that these feelings won't last long EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY POSITIVE_AFFECT RUMINATION
RPA_10 I notice I am full of energy EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY POSITIVE_AFFECT RUMINATION
RPA_11 I think: "I can make everything work" EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY POSITIVE_AFFECT RUMINATION
HCL-32_29 I drink more coffee BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_30 I smoke more cigarettes BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
RPA_12 I think I am ready to begin EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY POSITIVE_AFFECT RUMINATION
RPA_13 I think my luck will soon run out EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY POSITIVE_AFFECT RUMINATION
RPA_14 I think about how hard it is to keep focus EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY POSITIVE_AFFECT RUMINATION
RPA_15 I think about how happy I'm feeling EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY POSITIVE_AFFECT RUMINATION
RPA_16 I think of things that could go wrong EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY POSITIVE_AFFECT RUMINATION
RPA_17 I think: "I don't deserve this" EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY POSITIVE_AFFECT RUMINATION
SHI_1 Overdosed? (If yes, number of times ____) PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SELF_HARM SYMPTOMS
SHI_2 Cut yourself on purpose? (If yes, number of times ____) PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SELF_HARM SYMPTOMS
SHI_3 Burned yourself on purpose? (If yes, number of times ____) PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SELF_HARM SYMPTOMS
SHI_4 Hit yourself? (If yes, number of times ____) PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SELF_HARM SYMPTOMS
SHI_5 Banged your head on purpose? (If yes, number of times ____) PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SELF_HARM SYMPTOMS
SHI_6 Abused alcohol? PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SELF_HARM SYMPTOMS
SHI_7 Driven recklessly on purpose? (If yes, number of times ____) PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SELF_HARM SYMPTOMS
SHI_8 Scratched yourself on purpose? (If yes, number of times ____) PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SELF_HARM SYMPTOMS
SHI_9 Prevented wounds from healing? PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SELF_HARM SYMPTOMS
SHI_10 Made medical situations worse on purpose (e.g., skipped medication)? PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SELF_HARM SYMPTOMS
SHI_11 Been promiscuous (i.e., had many sexual partners)? (If yes, how many? ___) PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SELF_HARM SYMPTOMS
SHI_12 Set yourself up in a relationship to be rejected? PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SELF_HARM SYMPTOMS
SHI_13 Abused prescription medication? PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SELF_HARM SYMPTOMS
SHI_14 Distanced yourself from God as punishment? PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SELF_HARM SYMPTOMS
SHI_15 Engaged in emotionally abusive relationships? (If yes, number of relationships? ___) PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SELF_HARM SYMPTOMS
SHI_16 Engaged in sexually abusive relationships? (If yes, number of relationships? ___) PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SELF_HARM SYMPTOMS
SHI_17 Lost a job on purpose? (If yes, number of times ___) PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SELF_HARM SYMPTOMS
SHI_18 Attempted suicide? (If yes, number of times ___) PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SELF_HARM SYMPTOMS
SHI_19 Exercised an injury on purpose? PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SELF_HARM SYMPTOMS
SHI_20 Tortured yourself with selfg-defeating thoughts? PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SELF_HARM SYMPTOMS
SHI_21 Starved yourself to hurt yourself? PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SELF_HARM SYMPTOMS
SHI_22 Abused laxatives to hurt yourself? (If yes, number of times ___) PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SELF_HARM SYMPTOMS
RSE_1 On the whole, I am satisfied with myself. SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_2 At times I think I am no good at all. SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_3 I feel that I have a number of good qualities. SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_4 I am able to do things as well as most other people. SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_5 I feel I do not have much to be proud of. SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_6 I certainly feel useless at times. SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_7 I feel that I'm a person of worth, at least on an equal plane with others. SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_8 I wish I could have more respect for myself. SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_9 All in all, I am inclined to feel that I am a failure. SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_10 I take a positive attitude toward myself. SELF SELF_ESTEEM
DASS-21_1 I found it hard to calm down after something upset me ANXIETY DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
DASS-21_2 I perspired noticeably (eg, hands sweaty) in the absence of high temperatures or physical exertion ANXIETY DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
DASS-21_3 I couldn't seem to get any enjoyment out of the things I did ANXIETY DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
DASS-21_4 I experienced breathing difficulty (eg, excessively rapid breathing, breathlessness in the absence of physical exertion) ANXIETY DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
DASS-21_5 I found it difficult to work up the initiative to do things ANXIETY DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
DASS-21_6 I tended to over-react to situations ANXIETY DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
DASS-21_7 I experienced trembling (eg, in the hands) ANXIETY DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
DASS-21_8 I found myself getting agitated. ANXIETY DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
DASS-21_9 I was worried about situations in which I might panic and make a fool of myself ANXIETY DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
DASS-21_10 I felt that I had nothing to look forward to ANXIETY DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
DASS-21_11 I found myself getting agitated ANXIETY DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
DASS-21_12 I found it difficult to relax ANXIETY DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
DASS-21_13 I felt sad and depressed ANXIETY DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
DASS-21_14 I was intolerant of anything that kept me from getting on with what I was doing ANXIETY DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
DASS-21_15 I felt I was close to panic ANXIETY DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
DASS-21_16 I was unable to become enthusiastic about anything ANXIETY DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
DASS-21_17 I felt I wasn't worth much as a person. ANXIETY DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
DASS-21_18 I felt that I was rather touchy. ANXIETY DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
DASS-21_19 I was aware of the action of my heart in the absence of physical exertion (eg, sense of heart rate increase, heart missing a beat) ANXIETY DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
DASS-21_20 I felt scared without any good reason. ANXIETY DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
DASS-21_21 I felt that life wasn't worthwhile. ANXIETY DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_1 I need less sleep BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_2 I feel more energetic and more active BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_3 I am more self-confident BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_4 I enjoy my work more BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_5 I am more sociable (make more phone calls, go out more) BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_6 I want to travel and/or do travel more BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_7 I tend to drive faster or take more risks when driving BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_8 I spend more money/too much money BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_9 I take more risks in my daily life (in my work and/or other activities) BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_10 I am physically more active (sport etc.) BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_11 I plan more activities or projects. BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_12 I have more ideas, I am more creative BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_13 I am less shy or inhibited BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_14 I wear more colourful and more extravagant clothes/make-up BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_15 I want to meet or actually do meet more people BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_16 I am more interested in sex, and/or have increased sexual desire BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_17 I am more flirtatious and/or am more sexually active BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_18 I talk more BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_19 I think faster BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_20 I make more jokes or puns when I am talking BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_21 I am more easily distracted BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_22 I engage in lots of new things BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_23 My thoughts jump from topic to topic BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_24 I do things more quickly and/or more easily BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_25 I am more impatient and/or get irritable more easily BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_31 I drink more alcohol BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
HCL-32_32 I take more drugs (sedatives, anti-anxiety pills, stimulants) BIPOLAR MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
WELL_BEING If you were to judge your current well-being using a number between 0 and 100, where 0 is extremely bad and 100 is extremely good, what number would this be? LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
FOLLOW_UP Follow-up completed
TIME Follow-up date
SWL_1 In most ways my life is close to my ideal. LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
SWL_2 The conditions of my life are excellent. LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
SWL_3 I am satisfied with my life. LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
SWL_4 So far I have gotten the important things I want in life. LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
SWL_5 If I could live my life over, I would change almost nothing. LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
PAI_BOR_1 My mood can shift quite suddenly. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_2 My attitude about myself often changes. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_3 My relationships have been stormy. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_4 My moods can be very intense. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_5 Sometimes I feel terribly empty inside. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_6 I want to let certain people know how much they've hurt me. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_7 My mood tends to be quite steady. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_8 I often worry about people leaving me. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_9 People I once loved, let me down. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_10 I have little control over my anger. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_11 I often wonder about what to do with my life. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_12 I rarely feel lonely. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_13 Sometimes I am so impulsive that it gets me in trouble. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_14 I have always been a fairly happy person. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_15 I can't handle being separated from people the people I love. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_16 I have made huge mistakes in picking friends. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_17 When I am upset, I often hurt myself. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_18 I've been so angry in the past, that I couldn't express all of my anger BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_19 I don't get bored very quickly. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_20 Once someone becomes a friend, that person stays a friend. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_21 I am more impulsive than is good for me. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_22 I spend money too easily. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_23 I am a reckless person. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PAI_BOR_24 I carefully choose on what to spend my money. BORDERLINE_PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_1 Falling Asleep: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_2 Sleep During the Night: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_3 Waking Up Too Early: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_4 Sleeping Too Much: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_5 Feeling Sad: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_6 Please complete either 6 or 7 (not both). Decreased Appetite OR Increased Appetite: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_7 Please complete either 8 or 9 (not both). Decreased Weight (Within the Last Two Weeks) OR Increased Weight (Within the Last Two Weeks): DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_8 Concentration / Decision Making: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_9 View of Myself: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_10 Thoughts of Death or Suicide: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_11 General Interest: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_12 Energy Level: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_13 Feeling Slowed Down: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
QIDS_14 Feeling Restless: DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
TREATMENT Are you currently in treatment for psychological difficulties? DEMOGRAPHICS
MED Are you currently taking medication for any psychological complaints? DEMOGRAPHICS MEDICATION
DIAGNOSIS Have you received a specific diagnosis from your treating physician? DEMOGRAPHICS DIAGNOSIS
WORK Are you currently working? DEMOGRAPHICS WORK
CHANGE_WELL_BEING To what extent do you think you're doing better psychologically compared to when you participated in our study? WELL_BEING

FEEL Lab

MDAP