RESS-EMA study

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Citation article

Title:
Regulating emotion systems in everyday life: Reliability and validity of the RESS-EMA scale.
Authors:
Medland, H., De France, K., Hollenstein, T., Mussoff, D., Koval, P.
Year of publication:
2020
Journal name:
European Journal of Psychological Assessment
Volume number:
36
Issue number:
3
Page numbers:
437–446
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000595

Measure details

Baseline session:
Yes
Followup session:
No
Study design:
Investigated emotion and emotion regulation eight times daily for 7 days.
ESM measurement waves:
1
Ethics granting body:
---
Ethics protocol number:
Unknown.

Study details

Location:
Australia
Background information:
Baseline occurred the day before the ESM component.
Language:
English
Setting:
---
Collection platform:
SEMA2
Days of ESM data collection:
7
Number of ESM measures per day:
8
Sampling schedule:
stratified random interval
ESM schedule start time:
9:00
ESM schedule end time:
21:00
ESM schedule duration:
12

Sample details

Type of sample:
---
Recruitment information:
Community sample recruited via online advertisements.
Incentives:
Undergraduate students: course credit. Community sample: up to AUD $45.
Exclusions:
4 participants withdrew from the study prior to commencing the EMA protocol.

Contact info

Contact:
Peter Koval
Contact email:
p.koval@unimelb.edu.au
Selection Variable Info Assessment type Constructs
RESS_EMA_8 I looked at the situation from several different angles. ESM EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
RESS_EMA_8_RT Reaction time (milliseconds) for RESS-EMA Reappraisal item 2 ESM
RESS_EMA_9 I engaged in something else to keep busy. ESM DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
RESS_26 Being sure to hide what I was feeling Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
RESS_27 Taking deep breaths Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RELAXATION STRATEGY
RESS_28 Continually trying to decide what went wrong Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
BFI2_35 Values art and beauty. Baseline OPENNESS PERSONALITY
RESS_EMA_7_RT Reaction time (milliseconds) for RESS-EMA Reappraisal item 1 ESM
VALENCE Current affect (How are you feeling right now?) ESM AFFECT VALENCE
VALENCE_RT Response time (milliseconds) for "now" ESM
EMOTION_CATEG Strongest negative emotion experienced in the last hour ESM AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
EMOTION_CATEG_RT Response time (milliseconds) for "strong" ESM
EMOTION_INTENSITY Emotional intensity (How intense was the negative emotion?) ESM AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
EMOTION_INTENSITY_RT Response time (milliseconds) for "int" ESM
SOCSUP_CATEG Presence of social supports (Did you feel supported by the other person(s) present?) ESM APPRAISAL SOCIAL_INTERACTION SOCIAL_SUPPORT
SOCSUP_CATEG_RT Response time (milliseconds) for "alone" ESM
SOCSUP1 Social support (present condition) (To what extent did you feel supported by the other person(s) present?) ESM APPRAISAL SOCIAL_SUPPORT
SOCSUP1_RT Reaction time (milliseconds) for sprt1 ESM
SOCSUP2 Social support (absent condition) (To what extent would you have benefited from support from others?) ESM APPRAISAL SOCIAL_SUPPORT
SOCSUP2_RT Reaction time (milliseconds) for sprt2 ESM
CTRL Situational control (How much control did you have over the situation that caused this emotion?) ESM APPRAISAL CONTROLLABILITY
CTRL_RT Response time (milliseconds) for "ctrl" ESM
EMOTION_CTRL Emotional control (How much control did you have over your emotions?) ESM APPRAISAL CONTROLLABILITY
EMOTION_CTRL_RT Response time (milliseconds) for "emoctrl" ESM
RESS_EMA_1 I tried to slow my heart rate and breathing. ESM EMOTION_REGULATION RELAXATION STRATEGY
RESS_EMA_1_RT Response time (milliseconds) for RESS-EMA Relaxation item 1 ESM
RESS_EMA_2 I took deep breaths. ESM EMOTION_REGULATION RELAXATION STRATEGY
RESS_EMA_2_RT Response time (milliseconds) for RESS-EMA Relaxation item 2 ESM
RESS_EMA_3 I showed my feelings. ESM EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
RESS_EMA_3_RT Response time (milliseconds) for RESS-EMA Expression item 1 ESM
RESS_EMA_4 I expressed my feelings. ESM EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
RESS_EMA_4_RT Response time (milliseconds) for RESS-EMA Expression item 2 ESM
RESS_EMA_5 I thought about the emotional event again and again. ESM EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RESS_EMA_5_RT Response time (milliseconds) for RESS-EMA Rumination item 1 ESM
RESS_EMA_6 I continually thought about what was bothering me. ESM EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RESS_EMA_6_RT Reaction time (milliseconds) for RESS-EMA Rumination item 2 ESM
RESS_EMA_7 I thought of other ways to interpret the situation. ESM EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
RESS_EMA_9_RT Reaction time (milliseconds) for RESS-EMA Distraction item 1 ESM
RESS_EMA_10 I engaged in activities to distract myself. ESM DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
RESS_EMA_10_RT Reaction time (milliseconds) for RESS-EMA Distraction item 2 ESM
RESS_EMA_11 I made an effort to hide my feelings. ESM EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
RESS_EMA_11_RT Reaction time (milliseconds) for RESS-EMA Supression item 1 ESM
RESS_EMA_12 I pretended I wasn't upset. ESM EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
RESS_EMA_12_RT Reaction time (milliseconds) for RESS-EMA Supression item 2 ESM
ER_SUCCESS Regulatory Success (Overall, how successful were you in managing your emotions?) ESM EMOTION_REGULATION ER_SUCCESS SELF_EFFICACY
ER_SUCCESS_RT Reaction time (milliseconds) for scss ESM
AGE How old are you in years? Baseline AGE DEMOGRAPHICS
GENDER What is your gender? Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS GENDER
RACE_1 Caucasian (White) Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS ETHNICITY
RACE_2 Chinese Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS ETHNICITY
RACE_3 South Asian/Desi (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, etc.) Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS ETHNICITY
RACE_4 Indonesian Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS ETHNICITY
RACE_5 Other Asian Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS ETHNICITY
RACE_6 Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS ETHNICITY
RACE_7 African or African American Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS ETHNICITY
RACE_8 Middle Eastern Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS ETHNICITY
RACE_9 Hispanic Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS ETHNICITY
RACE_OTHER Other Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS ETHNICITY
RACE_10 Prefer not to say Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS ETHNICITY
LAN Is English your first language? Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS LANGUAGE
EDU What is the highest level of education you have completed? Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS EDUCATION
EDU_NOW Student Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS EMPLOYMENT
EMPLOY_1 Part-time employed Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS EMPLOYMENT
EMPLOY_2 Full-time employed Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS EMPLOYMENT
EMPLOY_3 Unemployed Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS EMPLOYMENT
EMPLOY_4 Retired Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS EMPLOYMENT
RELAT What is your relationship status? Baseline DEMOGRAPHICS EMPLOYMENT
RESS_1 Thinking repeatedly about what was bothering me Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RESS_2 Using facial expressions to show that I was upset Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
RESS_3 Acting like I was not upset Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
RESS_4 Letting my emotions show Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
RESS_5 Vocalising how I was feeling Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
RESS_6 Focusing on slowing my heart rate and breathing Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RELAXATION STRATEGY
RESS_7 Showing my feelings Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
RESS_8 Trying to slow my heart rate and breathing Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RELAXATION STRATEGY
RESS_9 Immediately working on something to keep myself busy Baseline DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
RESS_10 Continually thinking about what was bothering me Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RESS_11 Outwardly showing what I was feeling Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
RESS_12 Vocalising how I was feeling Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
RESS_13 Doing something else to distract myself Baseline DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
RESS_14 Trying to see the emotional event from a different perspective Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
RESS_15 Pretending I was not upset Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
RESS_16 Telling others exactly how I felt Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
RESS_17 Going over the emotional event again and again in my mind Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RESS_18 Looking at the emotional event from a different perspective Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
RESS_19 Expressing my feelings Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
RESS_20 Identifying different angles to see the situation Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
RESS_21 Thinking of other ways to interpret the situation Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
RESS_22 Engaging in something else to keep busy Baseline DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
RESS_23 Showing that I was upset Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
RESS_24 Looking at the situation from several different angles Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
RESS_25 Hiding my feelings Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
RESS_29 Engaging in activities to distract myself Baseline DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
RESS_30 Decreasing tension in my body Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RELAXATION STRATEGY
RESS_31 Making an effort to hide my feelings Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
RESS_32 Concealing how I was feeling Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
RESS_33 Thinking about the emotional event again and again in my mind Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RESS_34 Thinking again and again about what went wrong Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RESS_35 Trying to pretend I wasn't upset Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
RESS_36 Thinking of Alternate ways to see the situation Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
RESS_37 Trying to think of the emotional event in a more positive light Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
RESS_38 Trying to see the situation in a more positive light Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
WAYS_TR1 Getting away from it for a while; trying to rest or take a vacation Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RELAXATION STRATEGY
WAYS_TR2 Trying to make myself feel better by eating, drinking, smoking, using drugs or medication, etc Baseline DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
WAYS_TR3 Jogging or exercising Baseline DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
DERS_1 I am clear about my feelings Baseline CLARITY EMOTION_REGULATION
DERS_2 I pay attention to how I fee Baseline AWARENESS EMOTION_REGULATION
DERS_3 I experience my emotions as overwhelming and out of control Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION IMPULSIVITY
DERS_4 I have no idea how I am feeling Baseline CLARITY EMOTION_REGULATION
DERS_5 I have difficulty making sense out of my feelings Baseline CLARITY EMOTION_REGULATION
DERS_6 I am attentive to my feelings Baseline AWARENESS EMOTION_REGULATION
DERS_7 I know exactly how I am feeling Baseline CLARITY EMOTION_REGULATION
DERS_8 I care about what I am feeling Baseline AWARENESS EMOTION_REGULATION
DERS_9 I am confused about how I feel Baseline CLARITY EMOTION_REGULATION
DERS_10 When I'm upset, I acknowledge my emotions Baseline AWARENESS EMOTION_REGULATION
DERS_11 When I'm upset, I become angry with myself for feeling that way Baseline ACCEPTANCE EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
DERS_12 When I'm upset, I become embarrassed for feeling that way Baseline ACCEPTANCE EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
DERS_13 When I'm upset, I have difficulty getting work done Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION GOAL
DERS_14 When I'm upset, I become out of control Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION IMPULSIVITY
DERS_15 When I'm upset, I believe that I will remain that way for a long time Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
DERS_16 When I'm upset, I believe that I will end up feeling very depressed Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
DERS_17 When I'm upset, I believe that my feelings are valid and important Baseline AWARENESS EMOTION_REGULATION
DERS_18 When I'm upset, I have difficulty focusing on other things Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION GOAL
DERS_19 When I'm upset, I feel out of control Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION IMPULSIVITY
DERS_20 When I'm upset, I can still get things done Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION GOAL
DERS_21 When I'm upset, I feel shamed at myself for feeling that way Baseline ACCEPTANCE EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
DERS_22 When I'm upset, I know that I can find a way to eventually feel better Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION PROBLEM_SOLVING STRATEGY
DERS_23 When I'm upset, I feel like I am weak Baseline ACCEPTANCE EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
DERS_24 When I'm upset, I feel like I can remain in control of my behaviours Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION IMPULSIVITY
DERS_25 When I'm upset, I feel guilty for feeling that way Baseline ACCEPTANCE EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
DERS_26 When I'm upset, I have difficulty concentrating Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION GOAL
DERS_27 When I'm upset, I have difficulty controlling my behaviours Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION IMPULSIVITY
DERS_28 When I'm upset, I believe there is nothing I can do to make myself feel better Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
DERS_29 When I'm upset, I become irritated at myself for feeling that way Baseline ACCEPTANCE EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
DERS_30 When I'm upset, I start to feel very bad about myself Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
DERS_31 When I'm upset, I believe that wallowing in it is all I can do Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
DERS_32 When I'm upset, I lose control over my behaviour Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION IMPULSIVITY
DERS_33 When I'm upset, I have difficulty thinking about anything else Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION GOAL
DERS_34 When I'm upset, I take time to figure out what I'm really feelin Baseline AWARENESS EMOTION_REGULATION
DERS_35 When I'm upset, it takes me a long time to feel beter Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
DERS_36 When I'm upset, my emotions feel overwhelming Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_3 Think about your feelings of fatigue and achiness Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
DRS_4 Remind yourself these feelings won't last Baseline DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
RRS_16 Think "Why can't I handle things better?" Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_7 Analyse recent events to try to understand why you are depressed Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_19 Think about how you don't feel up to doing anything Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_15 Think "Why do I have problems other people don't have?" Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
DRS_8 Think "I'm going to go out and have some fun" Baseline DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
DRS_9 Do something you enjoy Baseline DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
DRS_2 Think "I'm going to do something to make myself feel better" Baseline DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
RRS_1 Think about how alone you feel Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_17 Think about how sad you feel Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
DRS_3 Help someone else with something in order to distract yourself Baseline DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
RRS_10 Think "Why do I always react this way?" Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_11 Go away by yourself and think about why you feel this way Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_8 Think about how you don't seem to feel anything anymore Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_13 Think about a recent situation, wishing it had gone better Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_18 Think about all your shortcomings, failing, faults, mistakes Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
DRS_5 Go to a favourite place to get your mind off your feelings Baseline DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
RRS_12 Write down what you are thinking about and analyse it Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_6 Think about how passive and unmotivated you feel Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
DRS_1 Try to find something positive in the situation or something you learned Baseline DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
DRS_6 Think "I'll concentrate on something other than how I feel" Baseline DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
RRS_22 Think about how angry you are with yourself Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_4 Think about how hard it is to concentrate Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_9 Think "Why can't I get going?" Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_5 Think "What am I doing to deserve this?" Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
DRS_7 Do something that has made you feel better in the past Baseline DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
DRS_10 Do something fun with a friend Baseline DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
RRS_14 Think "I won't be able to concentrate if I keep feeling this way" Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_21 Go someplace alone to think about your feelings Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_20 Analyse your personality to try to understand why you are depressed Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_2 Think "I won't be able to do my job if I don't snap out of this" Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
ERQ_1 When I want to feel more positive emotion (such as joy or amusement), I change what I’m thinking about. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
ERQ_2 I keep my emotions to myself. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
ERQ_3 When I want to feel less negative emotion (such as sadness or anger), I change what I’m thinking about. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
ERQ_4 When I am feeling positive emotions, I am careful not to express them. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
ERQ_5 When I’m faced with a stressful situation, I make myself think about it in a way that helps me stay calm. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
ERQ_6 I control my emotions by not expressing them. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
ERQ_7 When I want to feel more positive emotion, I change the way I’m thinking about the situation. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
ERQ_8 I control my emotions by changing the way I think about the situation I’m in. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
ERQ_9 When I am feeling negative emotions, I make sure not to express them. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
ERQ_10 When I want to feel less negative emotion, I change the way I’m thinking about the situation. Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
EES_1 I don't express my emotions to other people Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
EES_2 Even when I'm experiencing strong feelings, I don't express them outwardly Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
EES_3 Other people believe me to be very emotional Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
EES_4 People can "read" my emotions Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
EES_5 I keep my feelings to myself Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
EES_6 Other people aren't easily able to observe what I'm feeling Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
EES_7 I display my emotions to other people Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
EES_8 People think of me as an unemotional person Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
EES_9 I don't like to let other people see how I am feeling Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
EES_10 I can't hide the way I am feeling Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
EES_11 I am not very emotionally expressive Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
EES_12 I am often considered indifferent by others Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
EES_13 I am able to cry in front of other people Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
EES_14 Even if I am feeling very emotional, I don't let others see my feelings Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
EES_15 I think of myself as emotionally expressive Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
EES_16 The way I feel is different from how others think I feel Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
EES_17 I hold my feelings in Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
COPE_2 I turn to work or other substitute activities to take my mind off things Baseline DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
COPE_16 I daydream about things other than this Baseline DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
COPE_31 I sleep more than usual Baseline DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
COPE_43 I go to movies or watch TV to think about it less Baseline DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
COPE_3 I get upset and let my emotions out Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
COPE_17 I get upset, and am really aware of it Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
COPE_28 I let my feelings out Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
COPE_46 I feel a lot of emotional distress and I find myself expressing those feelings a lot Baseline EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSION STRATEGY
BFI2_1 Is outgoing, sociable. Baseline EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
BFI2_2 Is compassionate, has a soft heart. Baseline AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_3 Tends to be disorganized Baseline CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_4 Is relaxed, handles stress well. Baseline NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
BFI2_5 Has few artistic interests. Baseline OPENNESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_6 Has an assertive personality. Baseline EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
BFI2_7 Is respectful, treats others with respect Baseline AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_8 Tends to be lazy Baseline CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_9 Stays optimistic after experiencing a setback. Baseline NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
BFI2_10 Is curious about many different things. Baseline OPENNESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_11 Rarely feels excited or eager. Baseline EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
BFI2_12 Tends to find fault with others. Baseline AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_13 Is dependable, steady. Baseline CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_14 Is moody, has up and down mood swings. Baseline NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
BFI2_15 Is inventive, finds clever ways to do things. Baseline OPENNESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_16 Tends to be quiet. Baseline EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
BFI2_17 Feels little sympathy for others. Baseline AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_18 Is systematic, likes to keep things in order. Baseline CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_19 Can be tense. Baseline NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
BFI2_20 Is fascinated by art, music, or literature. Baseline OPENNESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_21 Is dominant, acts as a leader. Baseline EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
BFI2_22 Starts arguments with others. Baseline AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_23 Has difficulty getting started on tasks. Baseline CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_24 Feels secure, comfortable with self. Baseline NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
BFI2_25 Avoids intellectual, philosophical discussions. Baseline OPENNESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_26 Is less active than other people. Baseline EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
BFI2_27 Has a forgiving nature. Baseline AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_28 Can be somewhat careless. Baseline CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_29 Is emotionally stable, not easily upset. Baseline NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
BFI2_30 Has little creativity. Baseline OPENNESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_31 Is sometimes shy, introverted. Baseline EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
BFI2_32 Is helpful and unselfish with others. Baseline AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_33 Keeps things neat and tidy. Baseline CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_34 Worries a lot. Baseline NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
BFI2_36 Finds it hard to influence people. Baseline EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
BFI2_37 Is sometimes rude to others. Baseline AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_38 Is efficient, gets things done. Baseline CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_39 Often feels sad. Baseline NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
BFI2_40 Is complex, a deep thinker. Baseline OPENNESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_41 Is full of energy. Baseline EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
BFI2_42 Is suspicious of others’ intentions. Baseline AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_43 Is reliable, can always be counted on. Baseline CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_44 Keeps their emotions under control. Baseline NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
BFI2_45 Has difficulty imagining things. Baseline OPENNESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_46 Is talkative Baseline EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
BFI2_47 Can be cold and uncaring. Baseline AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_48 Leaves a mess, doesn’t clean up. Baseline CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_49 Rarely feels anxious or afraid. Baseline NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
BFI2_50 Thinks poetry and plays are boring. Baseline OPENNESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_51 Prefers to have others take charge. Baseline EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
BFI2_52 Is polite, courteous to others. Baseline AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_53 Is persistent, works until the task is finished. Baseline CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_54 Tends to feel depressed, blue. Baseline NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
BFI2_55 Has little interest in abstract ideas. Baseline OPENNESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_56 Shows a lot of enthusiasm. Baseline EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
BFI2_57 Assumes the best about people. Baseline AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_58 Sometimes behaves irresponsibly. Baseline CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
BFI2_59 Is temperamental, gets emotional easily. Baseline NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
BFI2_60 Is original, comes up with new ideas. Baseline OPENNESS PERSONALITY
PSS4_1 In general, how often do you feel that you are unable to control the important things in your life? Baseline PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
PSS4_2 In general, how often do you feel confident about your ability to handle your personal problems? Baseline PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
PSS4_3 In general, how often do you feel that things are going your way? Baseline PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
PSS4_4 In general, how often do you feel difficulties are piling up so high that you cannot overcome them? Baseline PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
PANAS_X_1 Delighted Baseline AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_X_2 Joyful Baseline AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_X_3 Blue Baseline AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_X_4 Nervous Baseline AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_X_5 Cheerful Baseline AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_X_6 Sad Baseline AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_X_7 Alone Baseline AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_X_8 Shaky Baseline AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_X_9 Happy Baseline AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_X_10 At ease Baseline AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_X_11 Lively Baseline AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_X_12 Calm Baseline AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_X_13 Lonely Baseline AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_X_14 Downhearted Baseline AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_X_15 Jittery Baseline AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_X_16 Energetic Baseline AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_X_17 Relaxed Baseline AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_X_18 Afraid Baseline AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_X_19 Excited Baseline AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_X_20 Frightened Baseline AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_X_21 Enthusiastic Baseline AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
PANAS_X_22 Scared Baseline AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
RSE_1 On the whole, I am satisfied with myself Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_2 At times I think I am no good at all Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_3 I feel I have a number of good qualities Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_4 I am able to do things as well as most other people Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_5 I feel I don’t have much to be proud of Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_6 I certainly feel useless at times Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_7 I feel that I'm a person of worth Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_8 I wish I could have more respect for myself Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_9 All in all, I am inclined to think that I am a failure Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_10 I have a positive attitude toward myself Baseline SELF SELF_ESTEEM