EMOTE is in a testing phase and remains under development. Please direct any questions to emote-database@unimelb.edu.au.

Negative events diary

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Citation article

Title:
Instrumental motives in negative emotion regulation in daily life: Frequency, consistency, and predictors.
Authors:
Kalokerinos, E. K., Tamir, M., Kuppens, P.
Year of publication:
2017
Journal name:
Emotion
Volume number:
17
Issue number:
4
Page numbers:
648-657
DOI:
10.1037/emo0000269

Measure details

Baseline session:
Yes
Followup session:
No
Study design:
Completed baseline 2 weeks before completing daily diary portion.
ESM measurement waves:
1
Ethics granting body:
KU Leuven Social and Societal Ethics Committee
Ethics protocol number:
None stated.

Study details

Location:
US
Background information:
MTurkers stratified by six equal groups to maximise variation in Neuroticism, measured by the Big Five Inventory (John, Donahue, & Kentle, 1991).
Language:
English
Setting:
---
Collection platform:
---
Days of ESM data collection:
7
Number of ESM measures per day:
1
Sampling schedule:
End of day
ESM schedule start time:
19:00
ESM schedule end time:
11:00
ESM schedule duration:
16

Sample details

Type of sample:
---
Recruitment information:
Recruited through advertisement on Mechanical Turk, and invited to participate after baseline based on Neuroticism score.
Incentives:
Unknown.
Exclusions:
None

Contact info

Contact:
Elise Kalokerinos
Contact email:
elise.kalokerinos@unimelb.edu.au
Selection Variable Info Constructs
CESD_14 I felt lonely DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CTXT_APPR_1 How important was this event for you? APPRAISAL IMPORTANCE
CTXT_APPR_2 How disadvantageous was this event for you? APPRAISAL MOTIVATIONAL_CONGRUENCE
CTXT_APPR_3 How much control did you think you had over this event? APPRAISAL CONTROLLABILITY
CTXT_APPR_4 To what extent was someone else responsible for the occurrence of this event? AGENCY APPRAISAL
CESD_3 I felt that I could not shake off the blues even with the help of my family and friends DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_4 I felt that I was just as good as other people DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_5 I had trouble keeping my mind on what I was doing DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_6 I felt depressed DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_7 I felt everything I did was an effort DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_8 I felt hopeful about the future DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_9 I thought my life had been a failure DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_10 I felt fearful DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_11 My sleep was restless DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_12 I was happy DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CTXT_APPR_5 To what extent were you responsible for the occurrence of this event? AGENCY APPRAISAL
CTXT_APPR_6 How unexpected was this event? APPRAISAL UNEXPECTEDNESS
CTXT_APPR_7 To what extent could you do something to change the situation? APPRAISAL COPING_POTENTIAL
CTXT_APPR_8 To what extent could you cope with the emotions caused by this event? APPRAISAL COPING_POTENTIAL
CTXT_APPR_9 To what extent did you feel you needed to exert yourself to deal with this situation? APPRAISAL EFFORT
CTXT_APPR_10 To what extent is this situation likely to be ongoing? APPRAISAL
CTXT_APPR_11 Were other people present during this event? OTHER_PRESENCE SITUATION_CONTEXT
CONT Contented AFFECT CONTENTMENT POSITIVE_AFFECT
HAP Happy AFFECT HAPPINESS POSITIVE_AFFECT
SAD Sad AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT SADNESS
DEP Depressed AFFECT DEPRESSION NEGATIVE_AFFECT
NERV Nervous AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT NERVOUSNESS
ANG Angry AFFECT ANGER NEGATIVE_AFFECT
FEAR Fearful AFFECT FEAR NEGATIVE_AFFECT
GUIL Guilty AFFECT GUILT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
SHAM Ashamed AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT SHAME
IRR Irritated AFFECT IRRITATION NEGATIVE_AFFECT
SUPR I suppressed the outward expression of my emotions EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
PERS I changed my perspective or the way I was thinking about the event EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
RUM I ruminated or dwelled on the event or my emotions EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
DIST I distracted myself from the event or my emotions DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
SITMOD I took steps to change the situation EMOTION_REGULATION SITUATION_MODIFICATION STRATEGY
SOCSHR I talked with other people about the situation or my emotions EMOTION_REGULATION SOCIAL_SHARING STRATEGY
NEG_REDUCE To reduce my negative emotion AFFECT GOAL NEGATIVE_AFFECT
NEG_INCREASE To maintain or increase my negative emotion AFFECT GOAL NEGATIVE_AFFECT
ERMOT_PERF To help me do something EMOTION_REGULATION MOTIVE PERFORMANCE
ERMOT_NONE None of the above EMOTION_REGULATION MOTIVE
ERMOT_EPI To help me learn something EMOTION_REGULATION EPISTEMIC MOTIVE
ERMOT_SOC To help with my social relationships EMOTION_REGULATION MOTIVE SOCIAL
ERMOT_EUD To help me grow as a person EMOTION_REGULATION EUDAIMONIC MOTIVE
EVENTDUR_HOUR Duration of event - hours. Enter hours in this box (up to 24)
EVENTDUR_MIN Duration of event - minutes. Enter minutes in this box (up to 60)
EVENTDUR_SEC Duration of event - seconds. Enter seconds in this box (up to 60)
STARTDATE_BASELINE StartDate
CESD_1 I was bothered by things that don't usually bother me
CESD_2 I did not feel like eating; my appetite was poor DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_13 I talked less than usual DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_15 People were unfriendly DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_16 I enjoyed life DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_17 I had crying spells DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_18 I felt sad DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_19 I felt that people disliked me DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_20 I could not get "going" DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
SWL_1 In most ways my life is close to ideal HEDONIC LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
SWL_2 The conditions of my life are excellent HEDONIC LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
SWL_3 I am satisfied with my life HEDONIC LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
SWL_4 So far I have gotten the important things I want in life HEDONIC LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
SWL_5 If I could live my life over, I would change almost nothing HEDONIC LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
ITES_1 Everyone can learn to control their emotions AFFECT BELIEF IMPLICIT_THEORY
ITES_2 If they want to, people can change the emotions they have AFFECT BELIEF IMPLICIT_THEORY
ITES_3 No matter how hard they try, people can't really change the emotions that they have AFFECT BELIEF IMPLICIT_THEORY
ITES_4 The truth is, people have very little control over their emotions AFFECT BELIEF IMPLICIT_THEORY
ERQ_1 When I want to feel more positive emotion (such as joy or amusement), I change what I'm thinking about. EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
ERQ_2 I keep my emotions to myself EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
ERQ_3 When I want to feel less negative emotion (such as sadness or anger), I change what I'm thinking about EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
ERQ_4 When I am feeling positive emotions, I am careful not to express them EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
ERQ_5 When I'm faced with a stressful situation, I make myself think about it in a way that helps me stay calm EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
ERQ_6 I control my emotions by not expressing them EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
ERQ_7 When I want to feel more positive emotion, I change the way I'm thinking about the situation EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
ERQ_8 I control my emotions by changing the way I think about the situation I’m in EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
ERQ_9 \When I am feeling negative emotions, I make sure not to express them EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
ERQ_10 When I want to feel less negative emotion, I change the way I'm thinking about the situation EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
ATTEN_1 Please select strongly agree for this item ATTENTION_CHECK
RRS_2003_1 Think about how alone you feel EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_2003_2 Think "I won't be able to do my job if I don't snap out of this" EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_2003_3 Think about your feelings of fatigue and achiness EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_2003_4 Think about how hard it is to concentrate EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_2003_5 Think "What am I doing to deserve this?" EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_2003_6 Think about how passive and unmotivated you feel EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_2003_7 Analyze recent events to try to understand why you are depressed EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRS_2003_8 Think about how you don't seem to feel anything anymore EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_2003_9 Think "Why can't I get going?" EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_2003_10 Think "Why do I always react this way?" EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_2003_11 Go away by yourself and think about why you feel this way EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRS_2003_12 Write down what you are thinking about and analyze it EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRS_2003_13 Think about a recent situation, wishing it had gone better EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_2003_14 Think "I won't be able to concentrate if I keep feeling this way" EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_2003_15 Think "why do I have problems other people don't have?" EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_2003_16 Think "Why can't I handle things better?" EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_2003_17 Think about how sad you feel EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_2003_18 Think about all your shortcomings, failings, faults, mistakes EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_2003_19 Think about how you don't feel up to doing anything EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
RRS_2003_20 Analyze your personality to try to understand why you are depressed EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRS_2003_21 Go someplace alone to think about your feelings EMOTION_REGULATION REFLECTION STRATEGY
RRS_2003_22 People think and do many different things when they feel depressed. Please read each of the item...-Think about how angry you are with yourself EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
NFA-S_1 If I reflect on my past, I see that I tend to be afraid of feeling emotions AFFECT BELIEF
NFA-S_2 I feel that I need to experience strong emotions regularly AFFECT BELIEF
NFA-S_3 Emotions help people to get along in life AFFECT BELIEF
NFA-S_4 I find strong emotions overwhelming and therefore try to avoid them AFFECT BELIEF
NFA-S_5 I think that it is important to explore my feelings AFFECT BELIEF
NFA-S_6 I would prefer not to experience either the lows or highs of emotion AFFECT BELIEF
NFA-S_7 I do not know how to handle my emotions, so I avoid them AFFECT BELIEF
NFA-S_8 It is important for me to be in touch with my feelings AFFECT BELIEF
NFA-S_9 It is important for me to know how others are feeling AFFECT BELIEF
NFA-S_10 Emotions are dangerous - they tend to get me into situations that I would rather avoid AFFECT BELIEF
CONT Contented AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT
HAP Happy AFFECT CONTENTMENT POSITIVE_AFFECT
SAD Sad AFFECT HAPPINESS POSITIVE_AFFECT
DEP Depressed AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT SADNESS
NERV Nervous AFFECT DEPRESSION NEGATIVE_AFFECT
ANG Angry AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT NERVOUSNESS
FEAR Fearful AFFECT ANGER NEGATIVE_AFFECT
GUIL Guilty AFFECT FEAR NEGATIVE_AFFECT
SHAM Ashamed AFFECT GUILT NEGATIVE_AFFECT
IRR Irritated AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT SHAME
PSS_1 In the last month, how often have you been upset because of something that happened unexpectedly? AFFECT IRRITATION NEGATIVE_AFFECT
PSS_2 In the last month, how often have you felt that you were unable to control the important things in your life? PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
PSS_3 In the last month, how often have you felt nervous and "stressed"? PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
PSS_4 In the last month, how often have you felt confident about your ability to handle your personal problems? PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
PSS_5 In the last month, how often have you felt that things were going your way? PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
PSS_6 In the last month, how often have you found that you could not cope with all the things you had to do? PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
PSS_7 In the last month, how often have you been able to control irritations in your life? PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
PSS_8 In the last month, how often have you felt you were on top of things? PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
PSS_9 In the last month, how often have you been angered because of things that were outside of your control? PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
PSS_10 In the last month, how often have you felt your difficulties were piling up so high that you could not overcome them? PSYCHOPATHOLOGY STRESS SYMPTOMS
SUPR I suppress the outward expression of my emotions EMOTION_REGULATION EXPRESSIVE_SUPPRESSION STRATEGY
PERS I change my perspective or the way I was thinking about the event EMOTION_REGULATION REAPPRAISAL STRATEGY
RUM I ruminate or dwell on the event or my emotions EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION STRATEGY
DIST I distract myself from the event or my emotions DISTRACTION EMOTION_REGULATION STRATEGY
SITMOD I take steps to change the situation EMOTION_REGULATION SITUATION_MODIFICATION STRATEGY
SOCSHR I talk with other people about the situation or my emotions EMOTION_REGULATION SOCIAL_SHARING STRATEGY
BISBIS_1 A person's family is the most important thing in life FILLER
BISBAS_2 Even if something bad is about to happen to me, I rarely experience fear or nervousness BEHAVIORAL_INHIBITION PERSONALITY
BISBAS_3 I go out of my way to get things I want BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_DRIVE PERSONALITY
BISBAS_4 When I'm doing well at something I love to keep at it BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_REWARD PERSONALITY
BISBAS_5 I'm always willing to try something new if I think it will be fun BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_FUN PERSONALITY
BISBAS_6 How I dress is important to me FILLER
BISBAS_7 When I get something I want, I feel excited and energized BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_REWARD PERSONALITY
BISBAS_8 Criticism or scolding hurts me quite a bit BEHAVIORAL_INHIBITION PERSONALITY
BISBAS_9 When I want something I usually go all-out to get it BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_DRIVE PERSONALITY
BISBAS_10 I will often do things for no other reason than that they might be fun BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_FUN PERSONALITY
BISBAS_11 It's hard for me to find the time to do things such as get a haircut FILLER
BISBAS_12 If I see a chance to get something I want I move on it right away BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_DRIVE PERSONALITY
BISBAS_13 I feel pretty worried or upset when I think or know somebody is angry at me BEHAVIORAL_INHIBITION PERSONALITY
BISBAS_14 When I see an opportunity for something I like I get excited right away BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_REWARD PERSONALITY
BISBAS_15 I often act on the spur of the moment BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_FUN PERSONALITY
BISBAS_16 If I think something unpleasant is going to happen I usually get pretty "worked up" BEHAVIORAL_INHIBITION PERSONALITY
BISBAS_17 I often wonder why people act the way they do FILLER
BISBAS_18 When good things happen to me, it affects me strongly BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_REWARD PERSONALITY
BISBAS_19 I feel worried when I think I have done poorly at something important BEHAVIORAL_INHIBITION PERSONALITY
BISBAS_20 I crave excitement and new sensations BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_FUN PERSONALITY
BISBAS_21 When I go after something I use a "no holds barred" approach BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_DRIVE PERSONALITY
BISBAS_22 I have very few fears compared to my friends BEHAVIORAL_INHIBITION PERSONALITY
BISBAS_23 It would excite me to win a contest BEHAVIORAL_ACTIVATION_REWARD PERSONALITY
BISBAS_24 I worry about making mistakes BEHAVIORAL_INHIBITION PERSONALITY
ATTEN_2 Please select Very false for me for this item ATTENTION_CHECK
BFI_1 Is talkative EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
BFI_2 Tends to find fault with others AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
BFI_3 Does a thorough job CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
BFI_4 Is depressed, blue NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
BFI_5 Is original, comes up with new ideas OPENNESS PERSONALITY
BFI_6 Is reserved EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
BFI_7 Is helpful and unselfish with others AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
BFI_8 Can be somewhat careless CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
BFI_9 Is relaxed, handles stress well NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
BFI_10 Is curious about many different things OPENNESS PERSONALITY
BFI_11 Is full of energy EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
BFI_12 Starts quarrels with others AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
BFI_13 Is a reliable worker CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
BFI_14 Can be tense NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
BFI_15 Is ingenious, a deep thinker OPENNESS PERSONALITY
BFI_16 Generates a lot of enthusiasm EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
BFI_17 Has a forgiving nature AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
BFI_18 Tends to be disorganized CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
BFI_19 Worries a lot NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
BFI_20 Has an active imagination OPENNESS PERSONALITY
BFI_21 Tends to be quiet EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
BFI_22 Is generally trusting AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
BFI_23 Tends to be lazy CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
BFI_24 Is emotionally stable, not easily upset NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
BFI_25 Is inventive OPENNESS PERSONALITY
BFI_26 Has an assertive personality EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
BFI_27 Can be cold and aloof AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
BFI_28 Perseveres until the task is finished CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
BFI_29 Can be moody NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
BFI_30 Values artistic, aesthetic experiences OPENNESS PERSONALITY
BFI_31 Is sometimes shy, inhibited EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
BFI_32 Is considerate and kind to almost everyone AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
BFI_33 Does things efficiently CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
BFI_34 Remains calm in tense situations NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
BFI_35 Prefers work that is routine OPENNESS PERSONALITY
BFI_36 Is outgoing, sociable EXTRAVERSION PERSONALITY
BFI_37 Is sometimes rude to others AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
BFI_38 Makes plans and follows through with them CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
BFI_39 Gets nervous easily NEUROTICISM PERSONALITY
BFI_40 Likes to reflect, play with ideas OPENNESS PERSONALITY
BFI_41 Has few artistic interests OPENNESS PERSONALITY
BFI_42 Likes to cooperate with others AGREEABLENESS PERSONALITY
BFI_43 Is easily distracted CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY
BFI_44 Is sophisticated in art, music, or literature OPENNESS PERSONALITY
BFI_45 Please answer Agree strongly for this item ATTENTION_CHECK
AGE What is your age in years? AGE DEMOGRAPHICS
GENDER What is your gender? DEMOGRAPHICS GENDER
RACE_1 White / Caucasian / European-American DEMOGRAPHICS ETHNICITY
RACE_2 Black / African-American / Caribbean-American DEMOGRAPHICS ETHNICITY
RACE_3 Hispanic / Latino DEMOGRAPHICS ETHNICITY
RACE_4 Asian / Asian-American DEMOGRAPHICS ETHNICITY
RACE_5 Arabic / Middle Eastern / North-African DEMOGRAPHICS ETHNICITY
RACE_6 Other (please specify) DEMOGRAPHICS ETHNICITY
RELAT What is your current relationship status? DEMOGRAPHICS RELATIONSHIP
TIMEZONE Which time zone do you currently reside in?

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