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Depressive symptoms diary

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Citation article

Title:
Perceiving social pressure not to feel negative predicts depressive symptoms in daily life.
Authors:
Dejonckheere, E., Bastian, B., Fried, E. I., Murphy, S. C., Kuppens, P.
Year of publication:
2017
Journal name:
Depression and anxiety
Volume number:
34
Issue number:
9
Page numbers:
836-844
DOI:
10.1002/da.22653

Measure details

Baseline session:
Yes
Followup session:
No
Study design:
Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) only measured in baseline to help select participants with scores >= 10.
ESM measurement waves:
1
Ethics granting body:
---
Ethics protocol number:
None stated.

Study details

Location:
US
Background information:
MTurkers are known to have elevated levels of depression and anxiety, but are similar to the general population in other relevant ways.
Language:
English
Setting:
---
Collection platform:
---
Days of ESM data collection:
30
Number of ESM measures per day:
1
Sampling schedule:
End of day
ESM schedule start time:
19:00
ESM schedule end time:
3:00
ESM schedule duration:
8

Sample details

Type of sample:
---
Recruitment information:
MTurkers completed the PHQ, and people above the clinical cut-off were randomly contacted to participate.
Incentives:
Participants were reimbursed $1 for completing the survey each day, receiving an additional $20 at the end of the study if they had completed 25 days or more.
Exclusions:
None

Contact info

Contact:
Egon Dejonckheere
Contact email:
egon.dejonckheere@kuleuven.be
Selection Variable Info Constructs
ID Participant ID
DEP_1 Today, to what extent did you feel sad? DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEP_2 Today, to what extent did you experience a diminished interest or pleasure in activities? DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEP_3 Today, to what extent did you feel tired and fatigued? DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEP_4 Today, to what extent did you feel worthless? DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEP_5 To what extent did you experience trouble sleeping last night? DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEP_6 To what extent did you feel like sleeping today? DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEP_7 Today, to what extent did you experience an increased appetite compared to normal? DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEP_8 Today, to what extent did you experience a decreased appetite compared to normal? DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEP_9 Today, to what extent did your body feel agitated? DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEP_10 Today, to what extent did your body feel slowed down? DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
DEP_11 Today, to what extent did you experience problems concentrating or making decisions? DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
ATTEN_1 This is a control item. Please select 7 for this item. ATTENTION_CHECK
RUM_1 Today, to what extent did you focus on your problems? EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
RUM_2 Today, to what extent did you focus on your feelings? EMOTION_REGULATION ER_STRATEGY RUMINATION
ANX Today, to what extent did you feel anxious? AFFECT ANXIETY NEGATIVE_AFFECT
ANG Today, to what extent did you feel angry? AFFECT ANGER NEGATIVE_AFFECT
HAP Today, to what extent did you feel happy? AFFECT HAPPINESS POSITIVE_AFFECT
RLX Today, to what extent did you feel relaxed? AFFECT POSITIVE_AFFECT RELAXATION
STR Today, to what extent did you feel stressed? AFFECT NEGATIVE_AFFECT STRESS
ATTEN_2 This is a control item. Please select '2' for this item. ATTENTION_CHECK
SEDAS_1 Today people expected me NOT to feel Depressed or Anxious EMOTION_BELIEF SOCIAL_DESIRABILITY
SEDAS_2 People valued me today, even though I felt Depressed or Anxious EMOTION_BELIEF SOCIAL_DESIRABILITY
SEDAS_3 People were disapproving of my feeling Depressed or Anxious today EMOTION_BELIEF SOCIAL_DESIRABILITY
SEDAS_4 Today people saw me as a failure because I felt Depressed or Anxious EMOTION_BELIEF SOCIAL_DESIRABILITY
SEDAS_5 Today I felt a great deal of pressure from others around me not to feel depressed or anxious EMOTION_BELIEF SOCIAL_DESIRABILITY
POSEV Have you experienced a very positive event today? EVENT POSITIVE_EVENT
NEGEV Have you experienced a very negative event today? EVENT NEGATIVE_EVENT
PLEAS_1 During this experience, how intense was the pleasure? AFFECT_INTENSITY EVENT POSITIVE_EVENT
PLEAS_2 During this experience, how was your mood? AFFECT_INTENSITY EVENT POSITIVE_EVENT
PAIN_1 During this experience, how intense was the pain? EVENT NEGATIVE_EVENT PAIN
PAIN_2 During this experience, how was your mood? AFFECT_INTENSITY EVENT NEGATIVE_EVENT
PHYS Right now, what are you feeling physically? HEALTH
DAY_NUM ESM Study Day
SEDAS_1 I think society accepts people who feel Depressed or Anxious as normal EMOTION_BELIEF SOCIAL_DESIRABILITY
SEDAS_2 I think it is socially acceptable to feel Depressed or Anxious EMOTION_BELIEF SOCIAL_DESIRABILITY
SEDAS_3 Society generally expects people NOT to feel Depressed or Anxious EMOTION_BELIEF SOCIAL_DESIRABILITY
SEDAS_4 I think that society tends to place a lot of pressure on people NOT to feel Depressed or Anxious EMOTION_BELIEF SOCIAL_DESIRABILITY
SEDAS_5 I think that society generally disapproves of people who feel Depressed or Anxious EMOTION_BELIEF SOCIAL_DESIRABILITY
SEDAS_6 Most people would see people who feel Depressed or Anxious as failing in life EMOTION_BELIEF SOCIAL_DESIRABILITY
SEDAS_7 Overall, people in society are very comfortable with those who feel Depressed or Anxious EMOTION_BELIEF SOCIAL_DESIRABILITY
ATTEN_1 This is a control item. Please select '6' for this item ATTENTION_CHECK
SEDAS_8 Generally speaking, other people prefer not to associate with me when I feel Depressed or Anxious EMOTION_BELIEF SOCIAL_DESIRABILITY
SEDAS_9 I feel a great deal of pressure from others around me not to feel Depressed or Anxious EMOTION_BELIEF SOCIAL_DESIRABILITY
SEDAS_10 When others see me as Depressed or Anxious they probably think I am a failure EMOTION_BELIEF SOCIAL_DESIRABILITY
SEDAS_11 I think most people around me value me just the same even when I feel Depressed or Anxious EMOTION_BELIEF SOCIAL_DESIRABILITY
SEDAS_12 Other people expect me NOT to feel Depressed or Anxious EMOTION_BELIEF SOCIAL_DESIRABILITY
SEDAS_13 People like me less when I feel Depressed or Anxious EMOTION_BELIEF SOCIAL_DESIRABILITY
RSE_1 I feel that I am a person of worth, at least on an equal plane with others. SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_2 I feel that I have a number of good qualities. SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_3 All in all, I am inclined to feel that I am a failure. SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_4 I am able to do things as well as most other people. SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_5 I feel I do not have much to be proud of. SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_6 I take a positive attitude toward myself. SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_7 On the whole, I am satisfied with myself. SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_8 I wish I could have more respect for myself. SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_9 I certainly feel useless at times. SELF SELF_ESTEEM
RSE_10 At times I think I am no good at all. SELF SELF_ESTEEM
SWL_1 In most ways my life is close to my ideal. LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
SWL_2 The conditions of my life are excellent. LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
SWL_3 I am satisfied with life. LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
SWL_4 So far I have gotten the important things I want in life. LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
SWL_5 If I could live my life over, I would change almost nothing LIFE_SATISFACTION WELL_BEING
LSAS_1 Avoid-Telephoning in public PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_2 Avoid-Participating in small groups PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_3 Avoid-Eating in public places PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_4 Avoid-Drinking with others in public places PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_5 Avoid-Talking to people in authority PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_6 Avoid-Acting, performing or giving a talk in front of an audience PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_7 Avoid-Going to a party PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_8 Avoid-Working while being observed PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_9 Avoid-Calling someone you don't know very well PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_10 Avoid-Talking with people you don't know very well PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_11 Avoid-Meeting strangers PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_12 Avoid-Urinating in a public bathroom PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_13 Avoid-Entering a room when others are already seated PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_14 Avoid-Being the centre of attention PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_15 Avoid-Speaking up at a meeting PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_16 Avoid-Taking a test PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_17 Avoid-Expressing disagreement or disapproval to people you don't know very well PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_18 Avoid-Looking at people you don't know very well in the eyes PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_19 Avoid-Giving a report to a group PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_20 Avoid-Trying to pick someone up PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_21 Avoid-Returning goods to a store PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_22 Avoid-Giving a party PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_23 Avoid-Resisting a high pressure salesperson PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_24 Avoid-Writing while being observed PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_25 Fear or Anxiety-Telephoning in public PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_26 Fear or Anxiety-Participating in small groups PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_27 Fear or Anxiety-Eating in public places PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_28 Fear or Anxiety-Drinking with others in public places PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_29 Fear or Anxiety-Talking to people in authority PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_30 Fear or Anxiety-Acting, performing or giving a talk in front of an audience PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_31 Fear or Anxiety-Going to a party PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_32 Fear or Anxiety-Working while being observed PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_33 Fear or Anxiety-Calling someone you don't know very well PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_34 Fear or Anxiety-Talking with people you don't know very well PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_35 Fear or Anxiety-Meeting strangers PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_36 Fear or Anxiety-Urinating in a public bathroom PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_37 Fear or Anxiety-Entering a room when others are already seated PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_38 Fear or Anxiety-Being the centre of attention PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_39 Fear or Anxiety-Speaking up at a meeting PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_40 Fear or Anxiety-Taking a test PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_41 Fear or Anxiety-Expressing disagreement or disapproval to people you don't know very well PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_42 Fear or Anxiety-Looking at people you don't know very well in the eyes PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_43 Fear or Anxiety-Giving a report to a group PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_44 Fear or Anxiety-Trying to pick someone up PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_45 Fear or Anxiety-Returning goods to a store PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_46 Fear or Anxiety-Giving a party PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_47 Fear or Anxiety-Resisting a high pressure salesperson PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
LSAS_48 Fear or Anxiety-Writing while being observed PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIAL_ANXIETY
CESD_1 I was bothered by things that usually don’t bother me. DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_2 I did not feel like eating; my appetite was poor. DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_3 I felt that I could not shake off the blues even with help from my family or friends. DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_4 I felt I was just as good as other people. DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_5 I had trouble keeping my mind on what I was doing. DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_6 I felt depressed. DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_7 I felt that everything I did was an effort. DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_8 I felt hopeful about the future. DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_9 I thought my life has been a failure. DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_10 I felt fearful. DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_11 My sleep was restless. DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_12 I was happy. DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_13 I talked less than usual. DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_14 I felt lonely. DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_15 People were unfriendly. DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_16 I enjoyed life. DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_17 I had crying spells. DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_18 I felt sad. DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_19 I felt that people dislike me. DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
CESD_20 I could not get “going.” DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
TIPI_1 Extraverted, enthusiastic. AGREEABLENESS CONSCIENTIOUSNESS EXTRAVERSION NEUROTICISM OPENNESS PERSONALITY
TIPI_2 Critical, quarrelsome. AGREEABLENESS CONSCIENTIOUSNESS EXTRAVERSION NEUROTICISM OPENNESS PERSONALITY
TIPI_3 Dependable, self-disciplined. AGREEABLENESS CONSCIENTIOUSNESS EXTRAVERSION NEUROTICISM OPENNESS PERSONALITY
TIPI_4 Anxious, easily upset. AGREEABLENESS CONSCIENTIOUSNESS EXTRAVERSION NEUROTICISM OPENNESS PERSONALITY
TIPI_5 Open to new experiences, complex. AGREEABLENESS CONSCIENTIOUSNESS EXTRAVERSION NEUROTICISM OPENNESS PERSONALITY
TIPI_6 Reserved, quiet. AGREEABLENESS CONSCIENTIOUSNESS EXTRAVERSION NEUROTICISM OPENNESS PERSONALITY
TIPI_7 Sympathetic, warm. AGREEABLENESS CONSCIENTIOUSNESS EXTRAVERSION NEUROTICISM OPENNESS PERSONALITY
TIPI_8 Disorganized, careless. AGREEABLENESS CONSCIENTIOUSNESS EXTRAVERSION NEUROTICISM OPENNESS PERSONALITY
TIPI_9 Calm, emotionally stable. AGREEABLENESS CONSCIENTIOUSNESS EXTRAVERSION NEUROTICISM OPENNESS PERSONALITY
TIPI_10 Conventional, uncreative. AGREEABLENESS CONSCIENTIOUSNESS EXTRAVERSION NEUROTICISM OPENNESS PERSONALITY
RRS_1 I think “What am I doing to deserve this?” EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION
RRS_2 I analyze recent events to try to understand why I am depressed. EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION
RRS_3 I think “Why do I always react this way?” EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION
RRS_4 I go away by myself and think about why I feel this way EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION
RRS_5 I write down what I am thinking and analyze it. EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION
RRS_6 I think about a recent situation, wishing it had gone better. EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION
RRS_7 I think “Why do I have problems other people don’t have?” EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION
RRS_8 I think “Why can’t I handle things better?” EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION
RRS_9 I analyze my personality to try to understand why I am depressed. EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION
RRS_10 I go someplace alone to think about my feelings. EMOTION_REGULATION RUMINATION
ATTEN_2 This is a test item. Please select 'Never' for this item. ATTENTION_CHECK
MED_1 Do you currently use any medication(s)? MEDICATION
MED_2 Please list the medications you are currently taking and the purpose of use. MEDICATION
MDD_1 Do you have a current clinical diagnosis of Major Depressive Disorder? DEPRESSION DIAGNOSIS PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
MDD_2 How many major depressive episodes have you experienced? DEPRESSION DIAGNOSIS PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
MDD_3 What was your age when you were first diagnosed? DEPRESSION DIAGNOSIS PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
MANIC Have you ever had a manic episode? DIAGNOSIS MANIA PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
DEP_1 Has anyone in your family ever suffered from depression? DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
DEP_2 Who in your family has ever suffered from depression? DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
AGE What is your age? AGE DEMOGRAPHICS
TMZ What timezone do you live in?
GENDER What is your gender? DEMOGRAPHICS GENDER
NATION_1 Where were you born? BIRTH_COUNTRY DEMOGRAPHICS
NATION_2 Where have you lived most of you life? DEMOGRAPHICS NATIONALITY
RELIG What is your religion? DEMOGRAPHICS RELIGION
ID Participant ID
PHQ9_1 Little interest of pleasure in doing things DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PHQ9_2 Feeling down, depressed, or hopeless DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PHQ9_3 Trouble falling asleep, or staying asleep too much DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PHQ9_4 Feeling tired or having little energy DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PHQ9_5 Poor appetite or overeating DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PHQ_6 Feeling bad about yourself - or that you are a failure or have let yourself or your family down DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PHQ_7 Trouble concentrating on things, such as reading the newspaper or watching television DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PHQ_8 Moving or speaking so slowly that other people could have noticed. Or the opposite - being so fidgety or restless that you have been moving around a lot more than usual DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS
PHQ_9 Thoughts that you would be better off dead or of hurting yourself in some way DEPRESSION PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SYMPTOMS

FEEL Lab

MDAP